|9 Months Ended
Sep. 30, 2022
|Segment Reporting [Abstract]
We have two reportable segments: U.S. Domestic Package and International Package, which are together referred to as our global small package operations. Our remaining businesses are reported as Supply Chain Solutions. Global small package operations represent our most significant business and are broken down into regional operations around the world. Regional operations managers are responsible for both domestic and export products within their geographic area. Supply Chain Solutions comprises the results of non-reportable operating segments that do not meet the quantitative and qualitative criteria of a reportable segment as defined under ASC Topic 280 – Segment Reporting.
U.S. Domestic Package
U.S. Domestic Package operations include the time-definite delivery of letters, documents and packages throughout the United States.
International Package operations include delivery to more than 220 countries and territories worldwide, including shipments wholly outside the United States, as well as shipments with either origin or destination outside the United States. Our International Package reporting segment includes our operations in Europe, Asia, Americas and the Indian Sub-Continent, Middle East and Africa.
Supply Chain Solutions
Supply Chain Solutions includes our Forwarding, Logistics, Coyote, Marken, UPS Mail Innovations and other businesses. Our Forwarding, Logistics and UPS Mail Innovations units provide services in more than 200 countries and territories worldwide and include international air and ocean freight forwarding, customs brokerage, distribution and post-sales services, mail and consulting services. Coyote offers truckload brokerage services primarily in the United States. Marken is a global provider of supply chain solutions to the healthcare and life sciences industry, specializing in clinical trials logistics. Our other businesses include The UPS Store, UPS Capital, Roadie and Delivery Solutions. UPS Freight was included within Supply Chain Solutions until its divestiture in the second quarter of 2021.
In evaluating financial performance, we focus on operating profit as a segment’s measure of profit or loss. Operating profit is before investment income and other, interest expense and income tax expense. Certain expenses are allocated between the segments using activity-based costing methods that require us to make estimates that impact the amount of each expense category that is attributed to each segment. Changes in these estimates would directly impact the expense allocated to each segment, and therefore the operating profit of each reporting segment. We periodically refine our allocation methodologies to reflect changes in our business. There were no significant changes to our allocation methodologies in the third quarter or year-to-date periods.
Results of operations for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2022 and 2021 are as follows (in millions):