|9 Months Ended|
Sep. 30, 2022
|Revenue from Contract with Customer [Abstract]|
|REVENUE RECOGNITION||REVENUE RECOGNITION
Substantially all of our revenues are from contracts associated with the pickup, transportation and delivery of packages and freight (“transportation services”) domestically or internationally. These services may be carried out by or arranged by us, and generally occur over a short period of time. We also provide value-added logistics services to customers, both domestically and internationally, through our global network of distribution centers and field stocking locations.
The majority of our contracts with customers for transportation services include only one performance obligation: the transportation services themselves. We generally recognize revenue over time as we perform the services in the contract because of the continuous transfer of control to the customer. Our remaining performance obligations are primarily comprised of transportation services started but not completed as of the reporting date and we expect to complete these remaining performance obligations within a short period of time. All of our major businesses act as a principal in their revenue arrangements and as such, we report revenue and the associated purchased transportation costs on a gross basis within our statements of consolidated income.
Disaggregation of Revenue
Contract Assets and Liabilities
Contract assets include billed and unbilled amounts resulting from in-transit packages, as we have an unconditional right to payment only once all performance obligations have been completed (i.e. packages have been delivered) and our right to payment is not solely based on the passage of time. Amounts may not exceed their net realizable value. Contract assets are generally classified as current and the full balance is converted each quarter based on the short-term nature of the transactions.
Contract liabilities consist of advance payments and billings in excess of revenue as well as deferred revenue. Advance payments and billings in excess of revenue represent payments received from our customers that will be earned over the contract term. Deferred revenue represents the amount of consideration due from customers related to in-transit shipments that has not yet been recognized as revenue based on our selected measure of progress. We classify advance payments and billings in excess of revenue as either current or long-term, depending on the period over which the advance payment will be earned. We classify deferred revenue as current based on the timing of when we expect to recognize revenue, which typically occurs within a short window after period-end. The full balance of deferred revenue is converted each quarter based on the short-term nature of the transactions. Our contract assets and liabilities are reported in a net position on a contract-by-contract basis at the end of each reporting period. In order to determine revenue recognized in the period from contract liabilities, we first allocate revenue to the individual contract liability balance outstanding at the beginning of the period until the revenue exceeds that deferred revenue balance.
Contract assets related to in-transit packages were $328 and $304 million as of September 30, 2022 and December 31, 2021, respectively, net of deferred revenue related to in-transit packages of $346 and $314 million as of September 30, 2022 and December 31, 2021, respectively, and are included within Other current assets in the consolidated balance sheets. Short-term contract liabilities related to advance payments from customers were $10 and $27 million as of September 30, 2022 and December 31, 2021, respectively, and are included within Other current liabilities in the consolidated balance sheets. Long-term contract liabilities related to advance payments from customers were $26 and $25 million as of September 30, 2022 and December 31, 2021, respectively, and are included within Other Non-Current Liabilities in the consolidated balance sheets.
Accounts Receivable, Net
Accounts receivable, net, include amounts billed and currently due from customers. The amounts due are stated at their net estimated realizable value. Losses on accounts receivable are recognized when reasonable and supportable forecasts affect the expected collectability. This requires us to make our best estimate of the current expected losses inherent in our accounts receivable at each balance sheet date. This estimate requires consideration of historical loss experience, adjusted for current conditions, forward looking indicators, trends in customer payment frequency and judgments about the probable effects of relevant observable data, including present and future economic conditions and the financial health of specific customers and market sectors. Our risk management process includes standards and policies for reviewing major account exposures and concentrations of risk.Our allowance for credit losses as of September 30, 2022 and December 31, 2021 was $143 and $128 million, respectively. Amounts for credit losses charged to expense, before recoveries, during each of the three months ended September 30, 2022 and 2021 were $48 million and for the nine months ended September 30, 2022 and 2021, were $154 and $128 million, respectively.
The entire disclosure of revenue from contract with customer to transfer good or service and to transfer nonfinancial asset. Includes, but is not limited to, disaggregation of revenue, credit loss recognized from contract with customer, judgment and change in judgment related to contract with customer, and asset recognized from cost incurred to obtain or fulfill contract with customer. Excludes insurance and lease contracts.
Reference 1: http://www.xbrl.org/2003/role/disclosureRef