CASH AND INVESTMENTS
|9 Months Ended|
Sep. 30, 2020
|Marketable Securities [Abstract]|
|CASH AND INVESTMENTS||CASH AND INVESTMENTS
The following is a summary of marketable securities classified as trading and available-for-sale as of September 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019 (in millions):
We have concluded that no material impairment losses existed as of September 30, 2020. In making this determination, we considered the financial condition and prospects of each issuer, the magnitude of the losses compared with the cost, the probability that we will be unable to collect all amounts due according to the contractual terms of the security, the credit rating of the security and our ability and intent to hold these investments until the anticipated recovery in market value occurs.
The amortized cost and estimated fair value of marketable securities at September 30, 2020, by contractual maturity, are shown below (in millions). Actual maturities may differ from contractual maturities because the issuers of the securities may have the right to prepay obligations with or without prepayment penalties.
Non-Current Investments and Restricted Cash
We held a $22 and $21 million investment in a variable life insurance policy to fund benefits for the UPS Excess Coordinating Benefit Plan at September 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, respectively. The quarterly change in investment fair value is recognized in "Investment income and other" in the statements of consolidated income. Additionally, we held escrowed cash related to the acquisition and disposition of certain assets of $2 and $3 million as of September 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, respectively. We previously held various marketable securities and cash equivalents as collateral under an escrow agreement to guarantee our self-insurance obligations. In 2019, we liquidated this investment balance and pledged the required collateral with a surety bond. At September 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, we had $1 and $0 million, respectively, in restricted cash.
A reconciliation of cash and cash equivalents and restricted cash from the consolidated balance sheets to the statements of consolidated cash flows is shown below (in millions):
Fair Value Measurements
Marketable securities valued utilizing Level 1 inputs include active exchange-traded equity securities and equity index funds, and most U.S. government debt securities, as these securities all have quoted prices in active markets. Marketable securities valued utilizing Level 2 inputs include asset-backed securities, corporate bonds and municipal bonds. These securities are valued using market corroborated pricing, matrix pricing or other models that utilize observable inputs such as yield curves.
The following table presents information about our investments measured at fair value on a recurring basis as of September 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, and indicates the fair value hierarchy of the valuation techniques utilized to determine such fair value (in millions):
There were no transfers of investments between Level 1 and Level 2 during the nine months ended September 30, 2020 or 2019.