EMPLOYEE BENEFIT PLANS
|6 Months Ended|
Jun. 30, 2014
|Compensation and Retirement Disclosure [Abstract]|
|EMPLOYEE BENEFIT PLANS||
EMPLOYEE BENEFIT PLANS
Company-Sponsored Benefit Plans
Information about net periodic benefit cost for our company-sponsored pension and postretirement benefit plans is as follows for the three and six months ended June 30, 2014 and 2013 (in millions):
During the first six months of 2014, we contributed $51 and $64 million to our company-sponsored pension and postretirement medical benefit plans, respectively. We also expect to contribute $49 and $36 million over the remainder of the year to the pension and U.S. postretirement medical benefit plans, respectively.
Multiemployer Benefit Plans
We contribute to a number of multiemployer defined benefit and health and welfare plans under terms of collective bargaining agreements that cover our union-represented employees. Our current collective bargaining agreements set forth the annual contribution increases allotted to the plans that we participate in, and we are in compliance with these contribution rates. These limitations on annual contribution rates will remain in effect throughout the terms of the existing collective bargaining agreements.
As of June 30, 2014 and December 31, 2013 we had $882 and $884 million, respectively, recognized in "Other Non-Current Liabilities" on our consolidated balance sheets associated with our previous withdrawal from a multiemployer pension plan. This liability is payable in equal monthly installments over a remaining term of approximately 48 years. Based on the borrowing rates currently available to the Company for long-term financing of a similar maturity, the fair value of this withdrawal liability as of June 30, 2014 and December 31, 2013 was $782 and $783 million, respectively. We utilized Level 2 inputs in the fair value hierarchy of valuation techniques to determine the fair value of this liability.
Status of Collective Bargaining Agreements
As of December 31, 2013, we had approximately 253,000 employees employed under a national master agreement and various supplemental agreements with local unions affiliated with the International Brotherhood of Teamsters (“Teamsters”). These agreements ran through July 31, 2013, but had been indefinitely extended pending the ratification of a new agreement with the Teamsters. On April 24, 2014, the Teamsters ratified a new national master agreement with UPS that will expire on July 31, 2018 (discussed further below).
We have approximately 2,600 pilots who are employed under a collective bargaining agreement with the Independent Pilots Association ("IPA"), which became amendable at the end of 2011. In February 2014, UPS and the IPA requested mediation by the National Mediation Board for the ongoing contract negotiations.
Our airline mechanics are covered by a collective bargaining agreement with Teamsters Local 2727, which became amendable November 1, 2013. In addition, approximately 3,100 of our auto and maintenance mechanics who are not employed under agreements with the Teamsters are employed under collective bargaining agreements with the International Association of Machinists and Aerospace Workers (“IAM”). Our previous agreements with the IAM ran through July 31, 2014; on July 28, 2014, the IAM ratified new collective bargaining agreements that will expire on July 31, 2019.
Ratification of New Collective Bargaining Agreements
On April 24, 2014, the Teamsters ratified a new national master agreement (“NMA”) with UPS that will expire on July 31, 2018. The UPS Freight business unit ratified its national master agreement in January 2014.
The economic provisions in the NMA include wage rate increases, as well as increased contribution rates for healthcare and pension benefits. Most of these economic provisions are retroactive to August 1, 2013, which is the effective date of the NMA. In the second quarter of 2014, we remitted $278 million for these retroactive economic benefits; this payment had an immaterial impact on net income, as these retroactive economic benefits had been accrued since the July 31, 2013 expiration of the prior agreement.
In addition to the retroactive economic provisions of the NMA, there are certain changes to the delivery of healthcare benefits that are effective at various dates. These changes impact approximately 36,000 full-time and 73,000 part-time active employees covered by the NMA and the UPS Freight collective bargaining agreement (collectively referred to as the “NMA Group”), as well as approximately 16,000 employees covered by other collective bargaining agreements (the “Non-NMA Group”). These provisions are discussed further below.
Changes to the Delivery of Active and Postretirement Healthcare Benefits
Prior to ratification, the NMA Group and Non-NMA Group employees received their healthcare benefits through UPS-sponsored active and postretirement health and welfare benefit plans. Effective June 1, 2014, we ceased providing healthcare benefits to active NMA Group employees through these UPS-sponsored benefit plans, and the responsibility for providing healthcare benefits for active employees was assumed by three separate multiemployer healthcare funds (the “Funds”). The responsibility for providing healthcare benefits for the active Non-NMA Group employees will also be assumed by the Funds on dates ranging from October 1, 2014 through January 1, 2015, depending on the ratification date of the applicable collective bargaining agreement. We will make contributions to the Funds based on negotiated fixed hourly or monthly contribution rates for the duration of the NMA and other applicable collective bargaining agreements.
Additionally, the Funds assumed the obligation to provide postretirement healthcare benefits to the employees in the NMA Group who retire on or after January 1, 2014. The postretirement healthcare benefit obligation for the employees in the Non-NMA Group will be assumed by the Funds for employees retiring on or after January 1, 2014 or January 1, 2015, depending on the applicable collective bargaining agreement. In exchange for the assumption of the obligation to provide postretirement healthcare benefits to the NMA Group and Non-NMA Group, we transferred cash totaling $2.271 billion to the Funds in the second quarter of 2014. UPS-sponsored health and welfare benefit plans retained responsibility for providing postretirement healthcare coverage for employees in the NMA Group who retired from UPS prior to January 1, 2014, and for employees in the Non-NMA Group who retire from UPS prior to the January 1, 2014 or January 1, 2015 effective date in the applicable collective bargaining agreement.
Accounting Impact of Health and Welfare Plan Changes
Second Quarter 2014 - Income Statement Impact:
We recorded a pre-tax charge of $1.066 billion ($665 million after-tax) in the second quarter of 2014 for the health and welfare plan changes described above. The components of this charge, which was included in "Compensation and benefits" expense on the statement of consolidated income, are as follows:
Second Quarter 2014 - Balance Sheet and Cash Flow Impact:
During the second quarter of 2014, we transferred cash totaling $2.271 billion to the Funds for the assumption of the postretirement healthcare benefit obligations. Of this cash transfer amount, $1.995 billion was accounted for as a settlement of our postretirement obligation for the NMA Group, while the remaining $276 million was accounted for as a prepaid deposit asset (recorded in "Other Current Assets" on the consolidated balance sheets) until the ratification of the collective bargaining agreements covering the Non-NMA Group. We have received approximately $375 million of cash tax benefits (through reduced U.S. Federal and state quarterly income tax payments) as of June 30, 2014, and we anticipate receiving the remaining cash tax benefits of approximately $479 million resulting from these payments over the remainder of 2014.
For NMA Group employees who retired prior to January 1, 2014 and remain with the UPS-sponsored health and welfare plans, the changes to the contributions, benefits and cost sharing provisions in these plans resulted in an increase in the postretirement benefit obligation, and a corresponding decrease in pre-tax accumulated other comprehensive income, of $13 million upon ratification.
After the remeasurement and settlement of the obligation for the NMA Group, the total postretirement medical benefit obligation was reduced by $858 million from $3.691 billion at December 31, 2013 to $2.833 billion at June 30, 2014.
Remainder of 2014:
Upon ratification of the collective bargaining agreements covering the Non-NMA Group, we plan to record a pre-tax charge of approximately $31 million for the remeasurement and settlement of the postretirement obligation associated with these employees. At the same time, the $276 million prepaid deposit asset, described previously, will be used to settle the postretirement benefit obligation for the Non-NMA Group. We anticipate the ratification of these agreements covering the Non-NMA Group will occur prior to December 31, 2014.
Based on the anticipated expense and contribution levels for the remainder of 2014, in addition to the remeasurement and settlement of the obligations, we expect that the total postretirement medical benefit obligation will be reduced by approximately $1.094 billion from $3.691 billion at December 31, 2013 to approximately $2.597 billion at December 31, 2014.
The accounting charges and other amounts described above are estimates based on actuarial valuation assumptions, and will be updated as necessary for any changes in discount rates, final collective bargaining agreement details and similar factors for the Non-NMA Group.
The entire disclosure for pension and other postretirement benefits.
Reference 1: http://www.xbrl.org/2003/role/presentationRef