SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
Proxy Statement Pursuant to Section
14(a) of the
Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (Amendment No. )
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|☐||Preliminary Proxy Statement|
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|☑||Definitive Proxy Statement|
|☐||Definitive Additional Materials|
|☐||Soliciting Material Under Rule 14a-12|
United Parcel Service, Inc.
(Name of Registrant as Specified In Its
(Name of Person(s) Filing Proxy Statement, if Other Than the Registrant)
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Notice of 2021 Annual Meeting
of Shareowners and Proxy Statement
|Thursday, May 13, 2021
8:00 a.m. Eastern Time
United Parcel Service, Inc.
March 29, 2021
Dear Fellow Shareowners:
It is my pleasure to invite you to join us at UPS’s 2021 Annual Meeting of Shareowners. Since my appointment as UPS’s first independent Board Chair in late 2020, it has been my honor to lead the Board of this 114-year-old company. UPS also celebrated, in the face of unprecedented uncertainties, a number of other momentous “firsts” last year; none more important than the appointment of Carol Tomé as our first female CEO, and as the first CEO who was not a UPS employee.
Carol’s appointment came following a rigorous selection process involving both internal and external candidates. Her in-depth knowledge of UPS’s business, strategy and people, as well as her tremendous personal attributes and capabilities, made her the clear choice to lead the Company at this important time in its transformation. The entire Board is extremely pleased with her strong start and particularly proud of her actions around fostering a diverse, inclusive and productive workplace.
We significantly refreshed your Board in 2020, increasing diversity and further enhancing independent oversight. The Board appointed five new independent directors, each with a varied set of experiences, skills and perspectives. These new members are helping to position UPS for future success and growth as the Company executes on its strategic initiatives. At the 2021 Annual Meeting, independent directors Rudy Markham and Sandy Randt will have reached the Board’s retirement age and will not stand for reelection. We thank Rudy and Sandy for their years of service to the Board and their significant contributions to the Company.
The entire Board is very proud of the efforts of all UPSers over the past year. It’s because of our people that UPS was able to successfully adapt and execute during a global pandemic, while at the same time remaining focused on the safety of our employees and customers. The Company’s reputation for being a good corporate citizen and doing the right thing came shining through in 2020 as a result of these efforts.
Because of travel restrictions related to the pandemic, the Board has not been meeting in person recently. However, thanks to technology, the Board has successfully continued executing its oversight responsibilities and has been able to effectively communicate with the Company and with each other. We continue to monitor developments and are eager to resume face-to-face meetings at the right time.
Finally, I want to encourage all of my fellow shareowners to vote. This is your opportunity to share your views with the Company. We listen and take your feedback into account as we continually seek to grow our business, improve governance and increase long-term shareowner value. We are grateful to those shareowners who have previously shared their views. As we approach the Annual Meeting, I encourage you to contact us with any questions or feedback at 404-828-6059.
On behalf of the entire Board of Directors, thank you for your continued support of UPS.
William R. Johnson
UPS Board Chair
|Notice of Annual Meeting||5|
|Proxy Statement Summary||6|
|Selecting Director Nominees||11|
|Board Refreshment and Succession Planning||12|
|Board Leadership Structure||13|
|Executive Sessions of Independent Directors||13|
|Board and Committee Evaluations||13|
|Majority Voting and Director Resignation Policy||14|
|Strategic Planning and Oversight||15|
|Management Succession Planning and Development||16|
|Meetings and Attendance||16|
|Code of Business Conduct||16|
|Conflicts of Interest and Related Person Transactions||17|
|Transactions in Company Stock||17|
|Communicating with our Board of Directors||18|
|Political Contributions and Lobbying||19|
|Human Capital Management||20|
|Corporate Governance Guidelines and Committee Charters||22|
|Our Board of Directors||23|
|Proposal 1 — Director Elections||23|
|Committees of the Board of Directors||31|
|Compensation Committee Report||34|
|Compensation Discussion and Analysis||34|
|Summary Compensation Table||47|
|Supplemental 2020 Compensation Table||49|
|Grants of Plan-Based Awards||49|
|Outstanding Equity Awards at Fiscal Year-End||51|
|Option Exercises and Stock Vested||52|
|Non-Qualified Deferred Compensation||54|
|Potential Payments on Termination or Change in Control||56|
|Equity Compensation Plans||58|
|Median Employee to CEO Pay Ratio||59|
|Proposal 2 — Advisory Vote to Approve Named Executive Officer Compensation||60|
|Proposal 3 – Approve 2021 Omnibus Incentive Compensation Plan||61|
|Ownership of Our Securities||71|
|Securities Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management||71|
|Audit Committee Matters||73|
|Proposal 4 — Ratification of Auditors||73|
|Report of the Audit Committee||73|
|Principal Accounting Firm Fees||75|
|Proposal 5 — Shareowner Proposal Requesting the Board Prepare an Annual Report on Lobbying Activities||76|
|Proposal 6 — Shareowner Proposal to Reduce the Voting Power of Class A Stock from 10 Votes per Share to One Vote per Share||79|
|Proposal 7 — Shareowner Proposal Requesting that the Company Prepare a Report on How it Plans to Reduce its Total Contribution to Climate Change||81|
|Proposal 8 — Shareowner Proposal to Transition the Company to a Public Benefit Corporation||83|
|Proposal 9 — Shareowner Proposal Requesting the Board Prepare Annual Report on Diversity and Inclusion||85|
|Important Information About Voting at the 2021 Annual Meeting||87|
|Other Information for Shareowners||91|
|Solicitation of Proxies||91|
|Eliminating Duplicative Proxy Materials||91|
|Submission of Shareowner Proposals and Director Nominations||91|
|2020 Annual Report on Form 10-K||92|
|2021 Omnibus Incentive Compensation Plan||A-1|
|4||Notice of Annual Meeting of Shareowners and 2021 Proxy Statement|
UNITED PARCEL SERVICE, INC.
55 Glenlake Parkway, N.E., Atlanta, Georgia 30328
|•||Date and Time: May 13, 2021, 8:00 a.m. Eastern Time|
|•||Place: The meeting will be held exclusively online via webcast at: www.virtualshareholdermeeting.com/UPS2021.|
|•||Record Date: March 22, 2021|
|•||Distribution Date: A Notice of Internet Availability of Proxy Materials or the proxy statement is first being sent to shareowners on or about March 29, 2021.|
|•||Voting: Holders of class A common stock are entitled to 10 votes per share; holders of class B common stock are entitled to one vote per share. Your vote is important. Please vote as soon as possible through the Internet, by telephone or by signing and returning your proxy card (if you received a paper copy of the proxy card). Your voting options are described on the Notice of Internet Availability of Proxy Materials, voting instruction form and/or proxy card.|
|•||Attending the Meeting: You or your proxyholder can participate, vote, ask questions and examine our list of shareowners at the meeting by visiting www.virtualshareholdermeeting.com/UPS2021 and using your 16-digit control number found on your proxy card, voting instruction form or Notice of Internet Availability. Shareowners who do not receive a 16-digit control number should consult their voting instruction form or Notice of Internet Availability and may need to request a legal proxy from their bank, broker or other nominee in advance of the meeting in order to participate. For more information, please see page 90. Whether or not you plan to attend the meeting, we encourage you to vote and submit your proxy in advance of the meeting by one of the methods described on your proxy card, voting instruction form or Notice of Internet Availability.|
Important Notice Regarding the Availability of Proxy Materials for the Shareowner Meeting to be Held on May 13, 2021: The Proxy Statement and our 2020 Annual Report are available at www.proxyvote.com. Questions? Call 404-828-6059 (option 2).
By order of the Board of Directors
|Norman M. Brothers, Jr.|
|March 29, 2021|
Items of Business
|1. Elect 13 director nominees named in the Proxy Statement to serve until the 2022 Annual Meeting and until their respective successors are elected and qualified||
• Vote for all nominees
• Vote against all nominees
• Vote for some nominees and against others
• Abstain from voting on one or more nominees
|2. Approve on an advisory basis a resolution on executive compensation||
• Vote for the resolution
• Vote against the resolution
• Abstain from voting on the resolution
|3. Approve the 2021 Omnibus Incentive Compensation Plan||
• Vote for the plan
• Vote against the plan
• Abstain from voting on the plan
|4. Ratify the appointment of Deloitte & Touche LLP as our independent registered public accounting firm for 2021||
• Vote for ratification
• Vote against ratification
• Abstain from voting on ratification
|5. - 9. Advisory votes on 5 shareowner proposals, only if properly presented||
• Vote for each proposal
• Vote against each proposal
• Abstain from voting on the proposals
|6||Notice of Annual Meeting of Shareowners and 2021 Proxy Statement|
|8||Notice of Annual Meeting of Shareowners and 2021 Proxy Statement|
|10||Notice of Annual Meeting of Shareowners and 2021 Proxy Statement|
We are committed to maintaining robust governance practices that benefit the long-term interests of all stakeholders. We regularly review and update our corporate governance practices in response to the evolving needs of our business, shareowner
and other stakeholder feedback, regulatory changes, and other corporate developments. Following is an overview of our corporate governance structure and processes, including key aspects of our board operations.
Maintaining a board of individuals independent of management, and of the highest personal character, integrity and ethical standards, is critical to the proper functioning of the board. The Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee also seeks to promote diversity in the boardroom with respect to gender, age,
ethnicity, skills, experience and other factors. Our directors’ biographies highlight the skills, experiences and backgrounds that the board considered when nominating these individuals to serve as directors.
Review of Board Composition
The board’s annual self-evaluation helps the Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee identify current and expected future board needs by assessing areas where additional expertise, skills or experience may be desired. The Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee also conducts regular in-depth board composition reviews.
Identification of Candidates
The Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee uses a variety of sources to identify a diverse pool of potential candidates. Sources include board members, members of management, independent consultants and shareowner recommendations. Prospective candidates are evaluated based on feedback from independent consultants, reviews of candidate backgrounds and qualifications, interviews with board members, and open discussions between the Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee and the full board. An independent consultant screens director candidates in consultation with the Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee. This process allows for active and ongoing consideration of potential directors with a focus on long-term Company strategy.
The Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee maintains a list of potential director candidates according to desired skills, experiences and backgrounds. The list is reviewed at each Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee meeting and updated as appropriate. Each director candidate is carefully evaluated to ensure that existing and planned future commitments would not materially interfere with board responsibilities.
Recommendation, Nomination and Annual Election
Candidates recommended by the Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee and approved by the board are nominated for election. All directors are elected annually at the Annual Meeting.
|Result:||5 new independent directors added in 2020|
Shareowner recommended director candidates are considered on the same basis as recommendations from other sources. Shareowners can recommend a candidate by writing to the following address: UPS Corporate Secretary, 55 Glenlake Parkway, N.E., Atlanta, Georgia 30328. Submissions must contain
the prospective candidate’s name and a detailed description of the experience, qualifications, attributes and skills that make the individual a suitable director candidate.
As part of our ongoing commitment to strong corporate governance practices, we adopted a proxy access bylaw for shareowners. A single shareowner, or group of up to 20 shareowners, that has owned at least 3 percent of UPS’s outstanding stock continuously for at least three years, may include up to 20 percent of the board seats or two directors (whichever is greater), as director
nominees in UPS’s proxy materials for an annual meeting of shareowners. Our Bylaws set forth the requirements for the formal shareowner nomination process for director candidates. These requirements are described under “Other Information for Shareowners” on page 91.
A wide range of perspectives is critical to effective board deliberations, corporate governance and oversight. Diversity with respect to gender, age, ethnicity, skills, experience and other factors is a key consideration when identifying and recommending director nominees. The Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee assesses its diversity efforts through periodic evaluations of the board’s composition. While
the Company does not have a formal policy on board diversity, our Corporate Governance Guidelines emphasize diversity and the Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee actively considers diversity in recruitment and nominations of directors and also in its assessment of the board’s composition and effectiveness.
|The Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee regularly considers the long-term makeup of our Board of Directors and how board composition changes over time. They also consider the skills needed on our board as our business evolves. The board seeks to balance the knowledge and experience that comes from longer-term board service with new ideas and energy that can come from new directors. We added 5 new independent directors to the board in 2020. The average tenure of the director nominees of 7.3 years reflects an appropriate balance between different perspectives brought by long-serving directors and new directors.|
|Our Corporate Governance Guidelines include director independence standards consistent with the New York Stock Exchange (“NYSE”) listing standards, which require a majority of the directors to be independent. Our Corporate Governance Guidelines are available on the governance section of our investor relations website at www.investors.ups.com.|
|12||Notice of Annual Meeting of Shareowners and 2021 Proxy Statement|
The board has evaluated each director’s independence and considered whether there were any relevant relationships between UPS and each director, or any member of his or her immediate family. The board also examined whether there were any relationships between UPS and organizations where a director is or was a partner, principal shareowner or executive officer. Specifically, the board evaluated certain ordinary course business transactions and relationships between UPS and the organizations that currently or in the prior year employed Eva Boratto, Mike Burns, Wayne Hewett, Angela Hwang, Kate Johnson, Russell Stokes, and John Stankey, or their immediate family members, as an executive officer. The board also evaluated the ordinary course business transactions and relationships between UPS and any organizations where Rod Adkins, Wayne Hewett, Christiana Smith Shi, Sandy Randt, and Kevin Warsh, or their immediate family members, were a partner or principal shareowner. In each
case, no such transactions exceeded the thresholds in UPS’s Corporate Governance Guidelines. The board determined that none of these transactions or relationships were material to the Company, the individuals or the organizations with which they were associated.
The board has determined that each of the director nominees (other than our current Chief Executive Officer, Carol Tomé), is independent. The board also determined that Rudy Markham and Sandy Randt, who served as directors since 2020 but will not stand for reelection, are each independent. With respect to former directors that served since 2020, the board has determined that each such director who served (other than our retired Chief Executive Officer, David Abney), including John Stankey, was independent. All members of the Audit Committee, Compensation Committee, Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee and Risk Committee are independent.
Based on the periodic evaluation and recommendation of the Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee, the board determines the most appropriate board leadership structure, including who should serve as Board Chair, and whether the roles of Board Chair and Chief Executive Officer should be separated or combined.
In connection with the election of Carol Tomé as our Chief Executive Officer, the board determined that it was in the best interests of the Company to enable Carol to focus on leading the Company, and separated the roles of Chair and Chief Executive Officer. Effective October 1, 2020, Bill Johnson, who had been serving as our independent Lead Director, was appointed Board Chair.
Bill has served on our board since 2009 and had served as independent Lead Director since 2016. He has deep institutional knowledge of the Company and provides strong continuity of leadership. He devotes significant time to understanding our business and communicating with the Chief Executive Officer, and other directors, between meetings. He draws on his
extensive knowledge of our business, industry, strategic priorities and competitive developments to set the board’s agendas in collaboration with the Chief Executive Officer, and he seeks to ensure that board meetings are productive and interactions with the directors facilitate a useful exchange of viewpoints. Carol is available to all directors between meetings and meets regularly with the Board Chair, and with the directors as a group, to receive feedback from the board. Bill’s collaboration with Carol allows the board to focus attention on the issues of greatest importance to the Company and its shareowners and our CEO to focus primarily on leading the Company.
Furthermore, all of the members of each of the Audit Committee, the Compensation Committee, the Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee and the Risk Committee are independent. Each committee is led by a chairperson who sets the meeting agendas and reports to the full board on the committee’s work. Additionally, the independent directors meet in executive session without management present at each board meeting, as described below.
Directors hold executive sessions without management present at each regular board meeting. The Board Chair determines the agenda and presides at each session. The Board Chair generally
invites the Chief Executive Officer to join a portion of the executive session to receive feedback from the board and when deemed appropriate otherwise.
The board employs both an ongoing informal and a formal annual process to evaluate its performance and the contributions of individual directors to the successful execution of the board’s obligations. The Board Chair frequently considers the
performance of the board and the board’s committees, and has informal discussions about individual director contributions to the board. The Board Chair shares feedback from these discussions with the full board and with individual board members.
Detailed Formal Annual Evaluation Process
The charters of each of the Audit Committee, Compensation Committee, Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee and Risk Committee require an annual performance evaluation. The Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee oversees the annual board assessment process and the implementation of the annual committee self-assessments.
All board and committee members complete a detailed confidential questionnaire each year. The questionnaire provides for quantitative ratings in key areas, including overall board effectiveness, meeting effectiveness, access to information, information format, board committee structure, access to management, succession planning, meeting dialogue, communication with the Chief Executive Officer, operational reporting, financial oversight, capital structure and financing, capital spending, long-term strategic planning, risk oversight, crisis management and time management. The questionnaire also allows directors to provide written feedback and make detailed anonymous comments.
The Chair of the Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee reviews the responses with the chairs of the other board committees. The Chair of the Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee also discusses the board evaluation results with the full board.
Matters requiring follow-up are addressed by the Chair of the Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee or the chairs of the other committees as appropriate.
|Result||Feedback from the evaluations has driven several improvements in board operations over the last few years, including the format and delivery of board meeting materials, board meeting agendas and recurring topics, strategic planning and oversight, director recruitment practices and orientation, and succession planning.|
Our Bylaws provide for majority voting in uncontested director elections. The number of votes cast for a nominee must exceed the number of votes cast against that person. Any incumbent director who does not receive a majority of the votes cast must offer to resign from the board.
In such an event, the Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee will recommend to the board whether to accept or reject the director’s offer to resign after considering all relevant factors. The board will act on the recommendation within 90 days following certification of the election results. The board will take into account the factors considered by the Nominating
and Corporate Governance Committee and any additional relevant information.
Any director who offers to resign must recuse himself or herself from the board vote, unless the number of independent directors who were successful incumbents is fewer than three. The board will promptly disclose its decision regarding any director’s offer to resign, including its reasoning. If the board determines to accept a director’s offer to resign, the Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee will recommend whether and when to fill such vacancy or whether to reduce the size of the board.
|14||Notice of Annual Meeting of Shareowners and 2021 Proxy Statement|
Board Oversight of Risk
|Board of Directors|
Effective risk management is an important component of the board’s oversight obligation. The board regularly engages in discussions of our most significant risks and how these risks are being managed. The board reviews periodic assessments from the Company’s enterprise risk management process that are designed to identify potential events that may affect the achievement of the Company’s objectives or have a material adverse effect on the Company. The board also participates in the Company’s annual risk survey. As a component of exercising its risk management oversight responsibilities, the board has delegated to its standing committees responsibilities as set out below. The board receives reports on appropriate areas of risk management from the committees regularly.
|Risk Committee||Audit Committee||Compensation Committee||Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee|
|Oversees management’s identification and evaluation of strategic enterprise risks, including risks associated with intellectual property, operations, privacy, technology, information security, cybersecurity and cyber incident response, and business continuity.||Oversees policies with respect to financial risk assessment, including guidelines to govern the process by which major financial and accounting risk assessment and management is undertaken.||Considers risks associated with compensation policies and practices, with respect to both executive compensation and compensation generally.||Considers risks related to governance matters, including succession planning for the Chief Executive Officer and other senior officers.|
The Company’s Chief Legal and Compliance Officer, Chief Information Officer, and the Vice President of Compliance and Internal Audit have regularly scheduled individual private meetings with the Risk Committee.
The Risk Committee also provides an annual update to the full board on the Company’s enterprise risk management survey and risk assessment results. The update enables the board to provide feedback to the Company about significant enterprise risks, and to assess the Company’s identification of its most significant risk areas. The Risk Committee also coordinates with the Audit Committee to enable the Audit Committee to perform its risk related responsibilities.
The Audit Committee has certain statutory, regulatory and other responsibilities with respect to oversight of risk assessment and risk management. Specifically, the Audit Committee is responsible for overseeing policies with respect to financial risk assessment. The Chief Legal and Compliance Officer, Chief Financial Officer and Vice President of Compliance and Internal Audit each have regularly scheduled private sessions with the Audit Committee.
In addition, the Company’s Chief Legal and Compliance Officer reports directly to our CEO, providing visibility into the Company’s risk profile. The board believes that the work undertaken by its committees, together with the work of the full board and the Company’s senior management, enables effective oversight of the Company’s management of risk. For more information about the board’s committees and their responsibilities, see page 31.
Setting the strategic course of the Company involves a high level of constructive engagement between management and the board. Acting directly and through each board committee, the board is fully engaged in the Company’s strategic planning process. Management develops and prioritizes strategic plans on an annual basis. Management then reviews these plans with the board, along with the Company’s challenges, opportunities, industry dynamics, and legal, regulatory and governance developments, among other factors, during an annual board strategy meeting.
Management provides the board with comprehensive updates throughout the year regarding the implementation and results of the Company’s strategic plans, as well as monthly updates
regarding the Company’s financial performance. In addition, the CEO communicates regularly with the board on important business opportunities, financial and operational performance, risks and other Company developments such as labor relations, customer interactions and media coverage, both during and outside the regular board meeting cycle.
This process allows the board to leverage its substantial experience and expertise in strategy development to execute effectively on its oversight responsibility of our corporate strategy and long-range operating plans.
Succession planning and talent development are important at all levels within our organization. The board oversees management’s emergency and long-term succession plans at the executive officer level, most importantly the CEO position. The board annually reviews succession plans for senior management including the CEO, all in the context of the Company’s overall business strategy and with a focus on risk management. More broadly, the board is regularly updated on key talent indicators for the overall workforce, including diversity, recruiting and development programs.
The board’s succession planning activities are ongoing and strategic, and are supported by board committees and independent third-party consultants as needed. In addition, the CEO annually provides an assessment to the board of senior
leaders and their potential to succeed at key senior management positions. As a part of this process, potential leaders interact with board members through formal presentations and during informal events.
We have also instituted a formal director engagement program in which directors meet with individual Executive Leadership Team members, visit Company operations, participate in employee events and receive in-depth subject matter updates outside of the regular board meeting process. These additional engagements encourage the ongoing exchange of ideas and information between directors and management, facilitate the board’s oversight responsibilities, and support succession planning efforts.
The board held seven meetings during 2020. Also during 2020, the Audit Committee met eleven times, the Compensation Committee met seven times, the Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee met five times and the Risk Committee met three times. The Executive Committee did not meet in 2020. Prior to board meetings, the Board Chair and the board’s committee chairs work with management to determine and prepare agendas for the meetings. Board meetings generally occur over two days. Board committees generally meet on the first day of the board meeting, followed by the board meeting. The second day typically consists of reports from each committee chair to the full board, additional presentations by internal
business leaders or others with expertise in various subject matters, and an executive session consisting of only independent board members. The executive sessions are chaired by our Board Chair.
All of our independent directors attended greater than 90% of the total number of board and any committee meetings of which he or she was a member in 2020. Our directors are expected to attend each annual meeting, and all directors who were then members of the board attended the 2020 Annual Meeting. The independent directors met in executive session at all of the board meetings held in 2020.
We are committed to conducting our business in accordance with the highest ethical principles. Our Code of Business Conduct is applicable to anyone who represents UPS, including our
directors, executive officers and all other employees and agents of UPS. A copy of our Code of Business Conduct is available on our investor relations website at www.investors.ups.com.
|16||Notice of Annual Meeting of Shareowners and 2021 Proxy Statement|
Our Audit Committee is responsible for overseeing our Code of Business Conduct, which includes policies regarding conflicts of interest. The Code requires employees and directors to avoid conflicts of interest, defined as situations where the person’s private interests conflict, or may appear to conflict, with the interests of UPS.
The board has adopted a related person transactions policy that applies to any transaction or series of transactions in which: (1) the Company or any of its subsidiaries is a participant; (2) any “related person” (executive officer, director, greater than 5% beneficial owner of the Company’s common stock, or an immediate family member of any of the foregoing) has or will have a material direct or indirect interest; and (3) the aggregate amount involved since the beginning of the Company’s last completed fiscal year will exceed or may reasonably be expected to exceed $100,000.
The policy provides that related person transactions that may arise during the year are subject to the Audit Committee’s approval or ratification. In determining whether to approve or ratify a transaction, the Audit Committee will consider, among other factors it deems appropriate, whether the transaction is on terms no less favorable than terms generally available to an unaffiliated third-party under the same or similar circumstance, the extent of the related person’s interest in the transaction, whether the transaction would impair independence of a
non-employee director and whether there is a business reason for UPS to enter into the transaction. A copy of the policy is available on our investor relations website at www.investors.ups.com. The Company did not engage in any related person transactions since January 1, 2020 that required disclosure in this Proxy Statement or under the Company’s policy.
At least annually, each director and executive officer completes a detailed questionnaire regarding any business relationships that may give rise to a conflict of interest, including transactions where UPS is involved and where an executive officer, a director or a related person has a direct or indirect material interest. We also review the Company’s financial systems and related person transactions to identify potential conflicts of interest. The Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee reviews the information from the questionnaires and our financial systems and makes recommendations to the Board of Directors regarding the independence of each board member. We have immaterial normal course of business transactions and relationships with companies with which our directors are associated. The Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee reviewed the transactions and relationships that occurred since January 1, 2020 and believes they were entered into on terms that are both reasonable and competitive and did not affect director independence. Additional transactions and relationships of this nature may be expected to take place in the ordinary course of business in the future.
We prohibit our executive officers and directors from hedging their ownership in UPS stock. Specifically, they are prohibited from purchasing or selling derivative securities relating to UPS stock and from purchasing financial instruments that are designed to hedge or offset any decrease in the market value
of UPS securities. We also prohibit our executive officers and directors from entering into pledges of UPS stock. Furthermore, our employees, officers, and directors are prohibited from engaging in short sales of UPS stock.
Shareowner engagement is an essential aspect of corporate governance. Our management team participates in numerous investor meetings throughout the year to discuss our business, our strategy and our financial results. These meetings include in-person, telephone and webcast conferences, as well as key site visits. Our Investor Relations team reports to the board periodically on these interactions as well as on investor sentiment.
During this proxy season, our management team contacted holders of over 46% of our class B common stock to discuss Environmental Social and Governance (“ESG”) matters,
including our corporate governance policies and practices, our sustainability efforts, our commitments to social justice and executive compensation matters. We also proactively correspond with key investors throughout the year. We inform the board about our conversations with investors through reporting to the Compensation Committee and the Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee. The Compensation Committee also annually engages an independent compensation consultant to review executive compensation trends that may be important to our investors.
Shareowners or other interested parties who wish to communicate directly with our board, with our non-management directors as a group or any specific director, may do so by writing to the UPS Corporate Secretary, 55 Glenlake Parkway, N.E., Atlanta, Georgia 30328. Please specify to whom your letter should be directed. After review by the Corporate Secretary,
appropriate communications will be promptly forwarded to the addressee. Advertisements, solicitations for business, requests for employment, requests for contributions, matters that may be better addressed by management or other inappropriate materials will not be forwarded.
|18||Notice of Annual Meeting of Shareowners and 2021 Proxy Statement|
Our responsible participation in the U.S. political process is important to our success and the protection of shareowner value. We participate in this process in accordance with good corporate governance practices. Our Political Contributions and Lobbying Policy (“policy”) is available at www.investors.ups.com. The following discussion highlights our practices and procedures regarding political contributions and lobbying:
|•||Our policy is overseen by the Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee;|
|•||Our policy restricts corporate political contributions;|
|•||Any deviations from this restriction must be approved by the Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee and reported in UPS’s semi-annual political contribution report; and|
|•||We offer certain eligible employees the opportunity to make political contributions through a Company-sponsored political action committee, called the UPS Political Action Committee, or UPSPAC. UPSPAC is organized and operated on a strictly voluntary, nonpartisan basis and is registered with the Federal Election Commission.|
Political contributions are made in a legal, ethical and transparent manner that we believe best represents the interests of our shareowners. All political and lobbying activities are conducted only with the prior approval of our Public Affairs department and in accordance with the terms of our policy. Senior management works with Public Affairs to focus our involvement at all levels of
government on furthering our business objectives and our goals of protecting and enhancing shareowner value. The president of our Public Affairs department reviews all political and lobbying activities and regularly reports to the board and to the Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee.
Our Public Affairs department is responsible for coordinating our lobbying activities, including engagements with federal, state, and local governments. UPS is a member of a variety of trade associations and other tax exempt organizations that engage in lobbying.
|•||Lobbying activities are conducted only with the prior approval of our Public Affairs department, which works with senior management to focus on furthering our business objectives and our goal of protecting and enhancing shareowner value.|
|•||The Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee regularly reviews UPS’s participation in trade associations and other tax exempt organizations that engage in lobbying to determine if our involvement is consistent with specific UPS business objectives.|
We have comprehensive policies, practices and tracking mechanisms to support and govern our lobbying activities. These mechanisms cover compliance with laws and regulations regarding the lobbying of government officials, the duty to track and report lobbying activities, and the obligation to treat lobbying costs and expenses as nondeductible for tax purposes.
We provide meaningful transparency with respect to our political activities. We publish a semi-annual report, which is reviewed and approved by the Company’s Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee disclosing the following information, which is available on our investor relations website at www. investors.ups.com:
|•||Amounts and recipients of any federal and state political contributions made by us in the United States (if any such expenditures are made); and|
|•||Payments to trade associations that receive $50,000 or more from us and that use a portion of the payment for political contributions, as reported by the trade association to us.|
We also file a publicly available federal Lobbying Disclosure Act Report each quarter, providing information on activities associated with influencing legislation through communications with any member or employee of a legislative body or with any covered executive branch official. The report also provides disclosure on expenditures for the quarter, describes the specific pieces of legislation that were the topic of communications, and identifies the individuals who lobbied on behalf of UPS. UPS files similar periodic reports with state agencies reflecting state lobbying activities which are also publicly available.
We are the world’s largest package delivery company, a leader in the U.S. less-than-truckload industry and a premier provider of global supply chain management solutions. We operate one of the largest airlines in the world, as well as the world’s largest private fleet of alternative-powered vehicles. We are a global leader in logistics, serving approximately 1.7 million shipping customers and 11.8 million delivery customers each business day in over 220 countries and territories. Our success depends on economic stability, global trade and a society that welcomes opportunity. We understand the importance of acting responsibly as a business, an employer and a corporate citizen.
Economic, environmental and social sustainability risks and opportunities are considered as part of our comprehensive enterprise risk management program. The board regularly reviews the effectiveness of our risk management and due diligence processes related to material sustainability topics. In addition, the board actively considers these factors in connection with the board’s involvement in UPS’s strategic planning process. The board delegates authority for day-to-day management of sustainability topics to management. Our chief sustainability officer reports directly to the Company’s Chief Executive Officer and regularly reports to the board regarding sustainability strategies, priorities, goals and performance. In addition, the board is regularly briefed on issues of concern for customers, unions, employees, retirees and investors. Furthermore, the board oversees efforts of management to develop our values, strategies and policies related to economic, environmental and social impacts.
Each year we publish a corporate sustainability report showcasing the aspirations, achievements and challenges of our commitment to balancing the social, economic and environmental aspects of our business. The report is reviewed by the board prior to publication. Below is a list of key goals outlined in our most recent report:
|•||reduce by 12% absolute greenhouse gas (“GHG”) emissions across our global ground operations by 2025;|
|•||source 25% of total electricity needs from renewable sources by 2025;|
|•||source 40% of ground fuel from low carbon or alternative fuels by 2025;|
|•||25% of annual vehicle purchases by 2020 will be alternative fuel and advanced technology vehicles (achieved on schedule);|
|•||improve our lost time injury frequency 1 percent by 2020 (not achieved on schedule);|
|•||reduce the number of vehicle accidents 3 percent by 2020 (achieved one year ahead of schedule);|
|•||increase total annual charitable contributions to $117 million by 2020 (achieved one year ahead of schedule);|
|•||complete 20 million hours of global volunteerism and community service by the end of 2020 (achieved one year ahead of schedule); and|
|•||plant 15 million trees by 2020 (achieved one year ahead of schedule).|
For more information, please visit www.sustainability.ups.com.
Our success is also dependent upon our people, working together with a common purpose. We have approximately 543,000 employees (excluding temporary seasonal employees), of which 458,000 are in the U.S. and 85,000 are located internationally. Our global workforce includes approximately 93,000 management employees (43% of whom are part-time) and 450,000 hourly employees (51% of whom are part-time).
We believe that UPS employees are among the most motivated, highest-performing people in the industry and they provide a meaningful competitive advantage for us. We offer competitive benefits and pay, a range of continuous training, talent development and promotional opportunities.
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We believe in creating an inclusive and equitable environment that represents a broad spectrum of backgrounds, cultures and stakeholders. By leveraging diverse perspectives and creating inclusive environments, we can improve organizational effectiveness, cultivate innovation, and drive growth.
Our Board of Directors and Board committees provide oversight on human capital matters through a variety of methods and processes. These include regular updates and discussion around human capital transformation efforts, technology initiatives impacting the workforce, health and safety matters, employee survey results related to culture and other matters, hiring and retention, employee demographics, labor relations and contract
negotiations, compensation and benefits, succession planning and employee training initiatives. We believe the board’s oversight of these matters helps identify and mitigate exposure to labor and human capital management risks, and is part of the broader framework that guides how we attract, retain and develop a workforce that aligns with our values and strategies.
In addition, in 2020, we created the role of Chief Diversity, Equity and Inclusion Officer, a new position on the Company’s Executive Leadership Team, reporting directly to our CEO. The creation of this role is a significant step forward for UPS to build a more inclusive and equitable environment.
We offer competitive compensation and benefits. In addition, our long history of employee stock ownership aligns the interests of our management team with shareholders. In the U.S., benefits provided to our non-union employees typically include:
|•||comprehensive health insurance coverage;|
|•||short- and long-term disability coverage;|
|•||child/elder care spending accounts;|
|•||work-life balance programs;|
|•||an employee assistance program; and|
|•||a discounted employee stock purchase plan.|
We invest in our people by offering a range of other benefits, such as paid time off, retirement plans, and education assistance. In the U.S., these other benefits are generally provided to non-union employees without regard to full-time or part-time status.
As we expand and enter new markets, and seek to capture new opportunities and pursue growth, we need employees to grow and innovate along with us. We believe that transforming the UPS employee experience is foundational to our success. This requires a thoughtful balance between the culture we have cultivated over the years and the new perspectives we need to take the business into the future.
We are investing in capabilities that will transform our business, including investments in employee opportunities to support growth. Additionally, we are investing in training for 40,000 management employees on professionalism and performance as well as unconscious bias, diversity and inclusion to ensure our actions match our values.
We are committed to industry-leading employee health, safety, and wellness programs across our growing workforce. We develop a culture of health and safety by:
|•||investing in safety training and audits;|
|•||promoting wellness practices which mitigate risk; and|
|•||offering benefits that keep employees safe in the workplace and beyond.|
Our local health and safety committees coach employees on UPS’s safety processes and are able to share best practices across work groups. Our safety methods and procedures are increasingly focused on the variables associated with residential delivery environments, which have become more common with the growth in e-commerce. We monitor our performance in this area through various measurable targets including lost time injury frequency and the number of recorded auto accidents.
More than three-quarters of our U.S. employees are represented by unions, primarily those employees handling or transporting packages. In addition, approximately 3,000 of our pilots are represented by the Independent Pilots Association. Throughout our global operations, we work with many other unions, associations, and work councils.
We bargain in good faith with the unions that represent our employees. We frequently engage union leaders at the national level and at local chapters throughout the United States. We participate in works councils and associations outside the U.S., which allows us to respond to emerging regional issues abroad. This work helps our operations to build and maintain productive relationships with our employees.
Our Corporate Governance Guidelines and the charters for each of the Audit Committee, Compensation Committee, Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee and Risk Committee are available on our investor relations website at www.investors.ups.com. Each committee reviews its charter annually to determine if any changes are needed. In addition, the Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee reviews our
Corporate Governance Guidelines annually and recommends any changes to the board for approval. When considering changes to our committee charters or Corporate Governance Guidelines, we take into account current governance trends and best practices, changes in regulatory requirements, advice from outside sources and input from stakeholders.
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The board has nominated the persons named below for election as directors at the Annual Meeting. As previously noted, Rudy Markham and Sandy Randt are not standing for reelection because they have reached the Board’s retirement age. We thank Rudy and Sandy for their board service and for their significant contributions to UPS.
If elected, all nominees will serve until the next Annual Meeting and until their respective successors are elected and qualified. All nominees, other than Eva Boratto, Wayne Hewett, Angela Hwang, Kate Johnson and Russell Stokes, were elected by shareowners at our last Annual Meeting. These five nominees were identified as director candidates by members of management and by the Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee’s independent director search firm. This search firm also evaluated each candidate’s qualifications and backgrounds to determine if the individual would be an appropriate addition to the board.
If any nominee is unable to serve as a director, which we do not anticipate, the board may reduce the number of directors that serve on the board or choose a substitute nominee. Any nominee who is currently a director, and for whom more votes are cast against than are cast for, must offer to resign from the board.
Biographical information about the director nominees appears below, including information about the experience, qualifications, attributes and skills considered by our Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee and board in determining that the nominee should serve as a director. For additional information about how we identify and evaluate nominees for director, see “Corporate Governance — Selecting Director Nominees” on page 11.
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The board has four committees composed entirely of directors meeting the NYSE’s and our director independence requirements: the Audit Committee, the Compensation Committee, the Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee, and the Risk Committee. Information about each of these committees is provided below. The board also has an Executive Committee
that may exercise all powers of the Board of Directors in the management of our business and affairs, except for those powers expressly reserved to the board under Delaware law or otherwise limited by the board. Carol Tomé is the Chair, and Ann Livermore and Bill Johnson also serve on the Executive Committee. The Executive Committee did not hold any meetings during 2020.
|Audit Committee(1)||Compensation Committee(2)||Nominating and Corporate
|Rudy Markham, Chair||Ann Livermore, Chair||William Johnson, Chair||Rodney Adkins, Chair|
|Eva Boratto||Rodney Adkins||Kate Johnson||Kate Johnson|
|Michael Burns||Clark Randt, Jr.||Franck Moison||Ann Livermore|
|Wayne Hewett||Christiana Smith Shi||Clark Randt, Jr.||Franck Moison|
|Angela Hwang||Russell Stokes||Russell Stokes||Christiana Smith Shi|
|Kevin Warsh||Kevin Warsh|
|Meetings in 2020: 11||Meetings in 2020: 7||Meetings in 2020: 5||Meetings in 2020: 3|
|Primary Responsibilities||Primary Responsibilities||Primary Responsibilities||Primary Responsibilities|
• Assisting the board in discharging its responsibilities relating to our accounting, reporting and financial practices
• Overseeing our accounting and financial reporting processes
• Overseeing the integrity of our financial statements, our systems of disclosure controls and internal controls and our compliance with legal and regulatory requirements
• Overseeing the performance of our internal audit function
• Overseeing the engagement and performance of our independent accountants
• Overseeing compliance with legal and regulatory requirements as well as the Company’s Code of Business Conduct
• Discussing with management policies with respect to financial risk assessment
• Assisting the board in discharging its responsibilities with respect to compensation of our senior executive officers
• Reviewing and approving corporate goals and objectives relevant to the compensation of our Chief Executive Officer
• Evaluating the Chief Executive Officer’s performance and establishing compensation based on this evaluation
• Reviewing and approving the compensation of other executive officers
• Overseeing the evaluation of risk associated with the Company’s total compensation strategy and compensation programs
• Overseeing any outside consultants retained to advise the Committee
• Recommending to the board the compensation to be paid to non-management directors
• Addressing succession planning
• Assisting the board in identifying and screening qualified director candidates, including shareowner submitted candidates
• Recommending candidates for election or reelection to the board or to fill vacancies on the board
• Aiding in attracting qualified candidates to serve on the board
• Recommending corporate governance principles, including the structure, composition and functioning of the board and all board committees, the delegation of authority to subcommittees, board oversight of management actions and reporting duties of management
• Overseeing management’s identification and evaluation of enterprise risks
• Overseeing and reviewing with management our risk governance framework
• Overseeing risk identification, risk tolerance, risk assessment and management practices for strategic enterprise risks
• Reviewing approaches to risk assessment and mitigation strategies in coordination with the board and other board committees
• Communicating with the Audit Committee to enable the Audit Committee to perform its statutory, regulatory, and other responsibilities with respect to oversight of risk assessment and risk management
|(1)||All members of the Audit Committee have been designated by the Board of Directors as audit committee financial experts. Each member of our Audit Committee meets the independence requirements of the NYSE and Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) rules and regulations applicable to audit committee members, and each is financially literate.|
|(2)||Each member of our Compensation Committee meets the NYSE’s independence requirements applicable to compensation committee members. In addition, each member is a non-employee director as required by Rule 16b-3 under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934. None of the members of the Compensation Committee is or was during 2020 an employee or former employee of UPS, and none had any direct or indirect material interest in or relationship with UPS outside of his or her position as a non-employee director. Compensation Committee Interlocks and Insider Participation: None of our executive officers serves or served during 2020 as a member of a board of directors or compensation committee of any entity that has one or more executive officers who serve on our Board of Directors or Compensation Committee.|
We compensate our non-employee directors with a mix of cash and equity. Equity compensation links director pay to the value of Company stock and aligns the interests of directors more closely with those of long-term shareowners. Our CEO does not receive any compensation for service as a director. Directors are also reimbursed for their expenses related to board membership.
The Compensation Committee of the Board of Directors conducts a review of director compensation generally every other year to ensure the program structure is consistent with best practices and current trends. The Compensation Committee engages its independent compensation consultant, Frederic W. Cook & Co., Inc. (“FW Cook”), to provide advice on the competitiveness of the Company’s non-employee director compensation program and recommends changes to ensure compensation remains market competitive. During the Compensation Committee’s most recent review of director compensation in 2019, it was determined that total board compensation was below our peer group median.
Based on that review, our board increased non-employee director compensation for the first time in three years as follows: an annual cash retainer of $110,000, and an annual restricted stock unit (“RSU”) award of $175,000. The Board of Directors also increased the annual retainer paid to the independent lead director to $35,000. The chairs of the Compensation, Nominating and Corporate Governance and Risk Committees receive an additional annual cash retainer of $20,000, and the Chair of the Audit Committee receives an additional annual cash retainer of $25,000.
In connection with the CEO transition, the board designated Bill Johnson to assume the role of independent Chairman, effective October 1, 2020. Based on the recommendation of FW Cook and taking into account, among other things, benchmarking data and expected commitment, the Compensation Committee recommended and our board approved the following additional payments for the independent Chair: annual cash retainer of $160,000 and an annual RSU award of $70,000. These payments replaced any payments Bill Johnson received for serving as independent lead director.
Cash retainers are paid on a quarterly basis. Non-employee directors may defer retainer fees by participating in the UPS Deferred Compensation Plan, but we do not make any contributions to this plan. There are no preferential or above-market earnings in the UPS Deferred Compensation Plan. RSUs are fully vested on the date of grant and are required to be held by the director until he or she separates from the board, at which time the RSUs convert to shares of class A common stock. Dividends earned on shares subject to director RSUs are deemed reinvested in additional units at each dividend payable date and are subject to the same terms as the original grant. This holding period increases the strength of the alignment of directors’ interests with those of our long-term shareowners.
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The following tables set forth the cash compensation paid to individuals who served as non-employee directors in 2020 and the aggregate value of stock awards granted to those persons in 2020, as well as outstanding director equity awards held as of December 31, 2020.
2020 Director Compensation
|Rodney C. Adkins(2)||130,000||174,945||304,945|
|Michael J. Burns||110,000||174,945||284,945|
|William R. Johnson(2)(4)||196,250||215,769||412,019|
|Ann M. Livermore(2)||130,000||174,945||304,945|
|Rudy H.P. Markham(5)||128,750||174,945||303,695|
|Franck J. Moison||110,000||174,945||284,945|
|Clark T. Randt, Jr.||110,000||174,945||284,945|
|Christiana Smith Shi||110,000||174,945||284,945|
|John T. Stankey||110,000||174,945||284,945|
|Carol B. Tomé(6)||61,250||—||61,250|
Director Stock Awards |
(as of December 31, 2020)
|Rodney C. Adkins||15,389||—|
|Michael J. Burns||26,606||—|
|William R. Johnson||27,946||—|
|Ann M. Livermore||26,606||2,937|
|Rudy H.P. Markham||26,606||—|
|Franck J. Moison||7,676||—|
|Clark T. Randt, Jr.||22,622||—|
|Christiana Smith Shi||5,855||—|
|John T. Stankey(7)||—||—|
|Carol B. Tomé(8)||24,656||1,311|
|(1)||The values of stock awards in this column represent the grant date fair value of RSUs granted in 2020, computed in accordance with FASB ASC Topic 718. Information about the assumptions used to value these awards can be found in Note 13 “Stock-Based Compensation” in our 2020 Annual Report on Form 10-K. RSUs are fully vested on the date of grant, and will be paid in shares of class A common stock following the director’s separation from service from UPS.|
|(2)||Includes compensation for committee chair service.|
|(3)||Received a prorated 2020 RSU award based on date appointed to the board.|
|(4)||Includes compensation for lead independent director service from January 1, 2020 to September 30, 2020, and compensation for independent board chair service from October 1, 2020.|
|(5)||Includes compensation for Audit Committee chair service from March 11, 2020.|
|(6)||Includes compensation for independent director service and Audit Committee chair service from January 1, 2020 through March 11, 2020, after which time she was removed from the Audit Committee and no longer considered an independent director.|
|(7)||All outstanding stock awards vested following retirement from the board in November 2020.|
|(8)||Only includes outstanding stock awards that were granted while serving as an independent director.|
The Compensation Committee (as used in this Executive Compensation section, the “Committee”) is responsible for setting the principles that guide compensation decision-making, establishing the performance goals under our executive compensation plans and programs, and approving compensation for the executive officers.
We are focused on maintaining an executive compensation program that supports the long-term interests of the Company’s shareowners. We align the interests of our executives with those of all of our shareowners by linking a significant portion of executive compensation to Company performance and shareowner returns. The Company’s programs are also designed to attract, retain and motivate executives who make substantial contributions to the Company’s performance by allowing them to share in the Company’s success.
Our significant efforts in the past year included designing compensation arrangements supporting the Company’s CEO transition, the appointment of a non-executive independent Board Chair, new appointments to the Executive Leadership Team, and Executive Leadership Team retirements, as well as developing and implementing an appropriate executive compensation structure and performance goals in the midst of a global pandemic. The Committee’s compensation framework,
with the support of our independent compensation consultant, enabled us to successfully navigate these challenges consistent with our compensation principles.
The Committee has reviewed the Compensation Discussion and Analysis and discussed it with management. Based on our review and discussions, the Committee recommended to the Board of Directors that the Compensation Discussion and Analysis be included in the 2021 Proxy Statement and incorporated by reference in the Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020 filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission.
The following Compensation Discussion and Analysis describes the Committee’s principles, strategy and programs regarding 2020 executive compensation.
The Compensation Committee
Ann Livermore, Chair
Clark Randt, Jr.
Christiana Smith Shi
UPS’s executive compensation principles, strategy and programs for 2020, and certain aspects of the 2021 programs, are described below. This section explains how and why the Committee made its 2020 compensation decisions for our executive officers, including additional detail with respect to the following Named Executive Officers (“NEOs”):
|Named Executive Officer||Title|
|Carol B. Tomé||Chief Executive Officer|
|David P. Abney||Retired Chief Executive Officer|
|Brian O. Newman||Chief Financial Officer|
|Nando Cesarone||President, U.S. Operations|
|Kate M. Gutmann||Chief Sales and Solutions Officer|
|Juan R. Perez||Chief Information and Engineering Officer|
|George A. Willis||Retired President, U.S. Operations|
UPS’s executive compensation programs are designed to:
|•||drive organizational performance by tying a significant portion of pay to Company performance;|
|•||attract, retain and motivate talent by fairly compensating executive officers;|
|•||encourage long-term stock ownership and careers with UPS; and|
|•||align the interests of our executives to long-term value creation.|
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A substantial majority of NEO total target direct compensation (base salary and annual and long-term incentives) is “at risk” and subject to the achievement of annual or long-term performance goals and/or continued employment with UPS. The charts below highlight the elements of our current CEO and an average of other currently employed NEOs’ target direct compensation for 2020:
The Committee is responsible for setting the principles that guide compensation decision-making, establishing the performance goals under our executive compensation plans and programs, and approving compensation for the executive officers. In carrying out its responsibilities, the Committee is empowered to engage and terminate the services of outside advisors and other
consultants. In 2020, the Committee retained FW Cook to act as the Committee’s independent compensation advisor. FW Cook reports directly to the Committee and provides no additional services to UPS. The following table summarizes the key roles in the executive compensation decision-making process.
|Participant and Roles|
|•||develops principles underpinning executive compensation|
|•||sets performance goals upon which incentive payouts are based|
|•||evaluates the CEO’s performance|
|•||reviews the CEO’s performance assessment of other executive officers|
|•||reviews and approves incentive and other compensation of the executive officers|
|•||reviews and approves the design of other benefit plans for executive officers|
|•||oversees the risk evaluation associated with the Company’s compensation strategy and programs|
|•||considers whether to engage any compensation consultant, and determines their independence|
|•||reviews and discusses with management the Compensation Discussion and Analysis|
|•||recommends to the board the inclusion of the Compensation Discussion and Analysis in the Proxy Statement|
|•||approves the inclusion of the Committee’s report on executive compensation in the Proxy Statement|
|Independent Members of the Board of Directors|
|•||review the Committee’s assessment of the CEO’s performance|
|•||complete a separate evaluation of the CEO’s performance|
|•||approve the Compensation Discussion and Analysis for inclusion in the Proxy Statement|
|Independent Compensation Consultant|
|•||serves as a resource for market data on pay practices and trends|
|•||provides independent advice to the Committee|
|•||provides competitive analysis and advice related to outside director compensation|
|•||reviews the Compensation Discussion and Analysis|
|•||conducts an annual risk assessment of the Company’s compensation programs|
|Participant and Roles|
|•||the CEO makes compensation recommendations to the Committee for the other executive officers with respect to base salary and individual performance adjustments to annual incentive plan payouts|
|•||the CEO and CFO recommend performance goals under incentive compensation plans and provide an assessment as to whether performance goals were achieved|
In November 2020, the Committee reviewed FW Cook’s independence and the existence of any potential conflicts of interest. The Committee evaluated the following factors: (1) other services provided to UPS by FW Cook (if any); (2) fees paid by UPS as a percentage of FW Cook’s total revenue; (3) policies or procedures maintained by FW Cook that are designed to prevent a conflict of interest; (4) any business or personal relationships between the individual consultants involved in the engagement and a member
of the Committee; (5) any Company stock owned by the individual consultants involved in the engagement; and (6) any business or personal relationships between UPS executive officers and FW Cook or the individual consultants involved in the engagement.
After evaluating these factors, the Committee concluded that FW Cook is independent and that the engagement of FW Cook did not raise any conflict of interest.
In determining and setting compensation targets and payouts, the Committee evaluates, among other things, pay practices and compensation levels at a peer group of companies. The Committee considers advice from its independent compensation consultant in determining the peer group. Because of the limited number of directly comparable companies to UPS – global logistics providers with significant market capitalizations - the companies included in the peer group typically have global operations, diversified businesses, and annual sales and market capitalizations comparable to UPS. Other more general considerations include
percentage of foreign sales, capital intensity, operating margins, size of employee population and whether the company also includes UPS in their peer group. The Compensation Committee evaluates the peer group annually to determine if the companies included in the group are the most appropriate comparators for measuring the success of our executives in delivering shareowner value. The peer group for 2020 compensation purposes (the “2020 Peer Group”) did not change from 2019 and consisted of the following:
|The Boeing Company
The Coca-Cola Company
Costco Wholesale Corporation
Delta Airlines, Inc.
|The Home Depot, Inc.
Johnson & Johnson
Lockheed Martin Corporation
Lowe’s Companies, Inc.
|The Procter & Gamble Company|
Raytheon Technologies Corporation(1)
Walgreens Boots Alliance, Inc.
|(1)||In connection with a 2020 merger, United Technologies Corporation changed its name to Raytheon Technologies Corporation.|
In addition, the Committee considers other market data, including general compensation survey data from comparably sized companies. Although the Committee considers this data in
executing its responsibilities within the construct of our executive compensation programs, compensation was not targeted to a particular percentile within the 2020 Peer Group or otherwise.
The Committee also generally considers the differentials between executive officer compensation and the compensation paid for other UPS positions, and generally considers the additional responsibilities
of the CEO compared to other executive officers. Internal comparisons are made to help ensure that compensation paid to executive officers is reasonable compared to their direct reports.
Each year, the CEO assesses the performance of all executive officers (other than the CEO) and provides feedback to the Committee. In addition, the Committee evaluates the CEO’s performance on an annual basis. The Compensation Committee Chair discusses the results of the evaluation with the full board (other than the CEO) in executive session. During the evaluation,
the board considers the CEO’s strategic vision and leadership, execution of UPS’s business strategy and achievement of business goals. Other factors include the CEO’s ability to make long-term decisions that create a competitive advantage, and overall effectiveness as a leader.
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Base salaries provide our NEOs with a fixed level of cash compensation, and are designed to provide an appropriate level of financial certainty. The Committee considers a number of factors in determining the NEOs’ annual base salaries. While
Company and individual performance are the most important factors, scope of responsibility, leadership, market data and internal compensation comparisons are all considered. No single factor is weighted more heavily than another.
Taking all of those factors into account, in March 2020, the Committee approved a 3% base salary increase for our former CEO, who was expected to continue serving as an employee through December 31, 2020. Further, the Committee approved the overall
compensation for our current CEO, including her annual base salary. The Committee also approved base salary increases for the other NEOs as shown in the Summary Compensation Table below.
Management Incentive Program Performance Incentive Award — Overview
Management Incentive Program (“MIP”) performance incentive awards are designed to motivate management and align pay with annual Company performance by linking payouts to the achievement of pre-established metrics, while allowing adjustments for individual performance. Annual MIP performance incentive award opportunities are provided as a percentage of base salary, subject to a $5 million maximum for each NEO. Payouts are determined by the Committee, taking into consideration the following:
|•||actual performance compared to MIP performance metric targets (described below);|
|•||the MIP factor (payout as a percent of target) applied to payments to non-executive officer MIP participants;|
|•||individual performance; and|
|•||overall business environment and economic trends.|
The factors considered by the Committee when determining award payouts are not assigned a specific weighting. The awards are considered performance-based compensation fully at risk based on Company performance. The award, if earned, is paid two-thirds in restricted performance units (“RPUs”) and one-third in cash. The number of RPUs granted is determined by dividing the dollar value of the portion of the MIP award paid in RPUs by the closing price of our class B common stock on the NYSE on the grant date of the award. RPUs are settled in shares of class A common stock. When dividends are paid on UPS common stock, an equivalent value is credited to the participant’s bookkeeping account in additional RPUs. The additional RPUs are subject to the same vesting schedule as the original MIP RPUs. RPUs paid as MIP performance incentive awards generally vest on the first anniversary of the grant date, furthering the retention component of the award.
To further our stock ownership philosophy, the initial MIP incentive award earned by newly hired employees is paid entirely in vested class A shares, with no cash component. These shares are vested upon grant. As a newly hired employee, our current CEO’s 2020 MIP award was paid entirely in class A shares.
2020 MIP Performance Incentive Awards
In February 2020, and prior to the uncertainty caused by the global coronavirus pandemic, the Committee adopted financial performance metrics and goals for the NEOs’ MIP performance incentive awards as follows:
|•||Adjusted Consolidated Revenue Growth, which is measured as year-over-year growth in revenue from all products and services worldwide. Revenue growth is calculated on a|
|constant currency basis. Revenue growth was considered important to generating current profits and maintaining our long-term competitive positioning and viability.|
|•||Adjusted Consolidated Earnings Per Share Growth, which is measured as year-over-year growth in total profits on an after tax, per share basis. For purposes of measuring this growth, EPS was determined by reference to our publicly reported adjusted earnings per share for each of 2019 and 2020. This growth is directly impacted by our effectiveness in achieving our targets in other key performance elements, including volume and revenue growth and operating leverage.|
|•||Consolidated Average Daily Package Volume Growth, which is measured as year-over-year growth in consolidated package volume divided by the number of operating weekdays during the year.|
After monitoring and considering the economic impact and uncertainty caused by the coronavirus pandemic, including the Company’s withdrawal of its previously issued earnings guidance for the full year 2020, actual first-quarter 2020 financial performance and challenges around longer-term forecasting, the Committee determined it was appropriate to revise the performance goals under the previously approved financial performance metrics for MIP performance incentive awards by bifurcating the 2020 performance period into two six-month performance periods. The Committee discussed with management and its independent compensation consultant then-current expected financial performance, the initially approved performance goals under the 2020 MIP, risks related to the potential severity and duration of the coronavirus pandemic and the other matters described above. The Committee then set the following amended goals:
|•||The performance goals for the 2020 MIP performance incentive award for the performance period from January 1, 2020 through June 30, 2020 were growth in consolidated revenue (4.0%), growth in consolidated adjusted earnings per share (5.1%) and consolidated package average daily volume growth (3.2%). Performance with respect to the performance goals for the first half of 2020 was used to determine 25% of the overall 2020 MIP performance incentive award. Because the first half goals were approved in March 2020, the Committee determined it was appropriate to more heavily weight the second half of 2020 goals due to additional incentive-based nature of the awards.|
|•||The performance goals for 2020 MIP performance incentive award for the performance period from July 1, 2020 through December 31, 2020 were growth in consolidated revenue (1.2%), growth in consolidated adjusted earnings per share (-36.7%) and consolidated package average daily volume growth (2.5%). Performance with respect to the performance goals for the second half of 2020 was used to determine 75% of the overall 2020 MIP performance incentive award.|
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The MIP financial performance metrics, goals and results were as follows:
MIP Financial Performance
|Adjusted Consolidated Revenue Growth(1)||4.0%||9.6%||1.2%||17.9%|
|Adjusted Consolidated Earnings Per Share Growth(1)||5.1%||-1.3%||-36.7%||15.4%|
|Consolidated Average Daily Package Volume Growth||3.2%||13.9%||2.5%||11.8%|
|(1)||Non-GAAP financial measures as described above. See footnote on page 42.|
The Committee maintains discretion to adjust awards earned under the MIP up (but not above the maximum amount for each NEO) or down based on its qualitative assessment of each NEO’s individual performance. For evaluation of the CEO’s performance, the Committee considers the results of the board’s annual evaluation of the CEO, which includes ratings on:
|•||strategic planning and execution;|
|•||managing for financial results;|
|•||retaining and developing a diverse top management group;|
|•||providing equal opportunity employment, and understanding and addressing issues facing employees;|
|•||ensuring the Company contributes to the well-being of the communities in which it operates;|
|•||promoting compliance and ethical behavior; and|
For NEOs other than the CEO, the Committee takes into consideration the recommendations of the CEO. Individual accomplishments during 2020 that were considered by the Committee when determining final awards are described below. The Committee did not consider George Willis’s performance, and he did not receive any MIP payout, as he was not employed by UPS on the date required to be eligible for payout under a MIP award.
Carol Tomé joined UPS on June 1, 2020 as Chief Executive Officer after serving as a member of the board since 2003. Carol quickly revamped the strategy, defined the “better not bigger” framework, streamlined priorities, and focused the organization on simplification, ease, and speed. Carol aligned success metrics around customer satisfaction, employee commitment, and shareowner returns. Responding rapidly to U.S. social unrest, she commissioned an Equity, Justice and Action Task Force to address concerns and impact change. Under her leadership, UPS posted the highest revenue and profit in the Company’s history and has increased shareowner value.
At the start of 2020, David led a quick response to the challenges faced by the pandemic before announcing his retirement after 46 years of UPS service. By emphasizing employee safety and customer service, he paved the way for UPS to navigate uncertainty. The multi-year strategic investments UPS made in healthcare supply chain capabilities under David’s leadership proved invaluable in positioning UPS for success as the pandemic disrupted traditional shipping patterns. David led a smooth Chief Executive Officer transition to Carol.
In the face of economic uncertainty, Brian protected our liquidity, guided the organization to generate higher total revenue and operating profit, and significantly improved our planning and forecasting activities. Brian tightened the linkage between investments and returns. In 2020, his role expanded to include Global Business Services and Mergers and Acquisitions, where he focused on improving the end-to-end customer experience and successfully navigated the carve out transaction to sell UPS Freight. Under his leadership, total shareholder value grew by approximately 50% in 2020.
2020 was a transitional year for Nando as he spent the majority of the year leading our International business, which first felt the effects of COVID-19, and assumed his current role leading our U.S. business in the third quarter. As the pandemic traveled across the globe, Nando worked cross functionally to overcome countless obstacles while processing record volume levels. He led the team to keep our supply chain moving by prioritizing employee safety and operational service excellence to ensure customers received essential goods. Leading a smooth peak season with industry-leading service levels, Nando was instrumental in delivering the highest revenue and profit in our history.
In 2020, Kate quickly reacted to the dynamics of the pandemic by focusing on risk management to limit UPS’s exposure, while at the same time maintaining good customer relationships. Kate focused her efforts on operationalizing our “better not bigger” framework and implemented revenue management strategies. Kate’s sales and solutions teams were instrumental in delivering the highest revenue and profit in our Company’s history, leaning into small and medium-sized businesses that yielded significant growth. At the beginning of the year, Kate assumed responsibility for our newly-formed healthcare business which posted strong results and positioned us well as vaccine distribution began, with Kate serving as a principal healthcare spokesperson for the Company.
Juan led the Information Technology and Engineering functions with tremendous agility and responsiveness throughout the year. The IT team provided a seamless way for UPSers to work remotely during the pandemic. Enterprise technology platforms were implemented to modernize Human Resources and Finance, and the customer digital experience for Supply Chain Solutions was improved. Increased automated sort capacity supported record volume, and tools that enabled the dynamic allocation of volume to capacity enabled agile adjustments to constantly changing conditions. He personally invested in our peak preparation, working closely with his counterparts to deliver one of the Company’s best peak seasons.
2020 MIP Ownership Incentive Award
One of UPS’s core principles is the importance of UPS stock ownership. We encourage employees to maintain a substantial ownership interest in UPS stock through equity compensation programs, including our MIP ownership incentive award. All MIP participants are eligible for an additional ownership incentive award up to the equivalent of one month’s salary by maintaining significant ownership of UPS equity securities. The amount of the award is equal to the value of the participant’s equity ownership as of December 31 of each year, multiplied by an ownership incentive award percentage set out below, up to a maximum award of one month’s salary. The MIP ownership incentive award, to the extent earned, is paid in the same proportion of cash and equity as the MIP performance incentive award.
Ownership levels are determined by totaling the number of UPS shares in the participant’s family group accounts and the participant’s eligible unvested restricted units and deferred compensation shares. The number of UPS shares determined for purposes of an NEO’s ownership level is multiplied by the closing price of a class B share on the NYSE on the last trading day of the year.
|Carol B. Tomé||1.25%||104,167||63,577|
|David P. Abney||1.25%||109,984||109,984|
|Brian O. Newman||1.50%||62,230||62,230|
|Kate M. Gutmann||1.50%||59,904||59,904|
|Juan R. Perez||1.50%||55,506||55,506|
2020 MIP Payout
After assessing the above-described considerations, the Compensation Committee approved the following MIP performance incentive award payouts for each NEO, other than George Willis. George did not receive a 2020 MIP award because he retired prior to the MIP eligibility date.
|Name||Target (% of
|Carol B. Tomé(1)||165%||1,203,129||1,503,911|
|David P. Abney||165%||2,177,683||2,722,104|
|Brian O. Newman||130%||970,788||1,213,485|
|Kate M. Gutmann||130%||934,502||1,168,128|
|Juan R. Perez||130%||865,894||1,082,367|
|(1)||Award was prorated based on hire date. As described above, award was paid entirely in vested class A shares.|
2021 MIP Performance Incentive Award Metrics
In order to better align executive compensation with shareowner returns and the Company’s strategy going forward, the Committee considered and approved revised performance measures for the Company’s 2021 MIP performance incentive award. Consolidated revenue growth will continue to be used as a performance measure, along with two new performance measures; consolidated operating profit and consolidated return on invested capital.
Our two principal long-term incentive programs, the Long-Term Incentive Performance (“LTIP”) award program and the Stock Option program, provide participants with grants of equity-based incentives that are intended to reward performance over a multi-year period and serve as a retention mechanism. The overlapping performance cycles under the LTIP program incentivize sustained financial performance. The Stock Option program rewards stock price appreciation, which is directly linked to shareowner returns.
In 2020, working with its independent compensation consultant, the Committee revised the performance measures for the LTIP program as described below. Prior to 2020, the LTIP performance measures were Growth in Adjusted Consolidated Revenue, Adjusted Return on Invested Capital and Relative Total Shareholder Return. Each performance measure was equally weighted and accounted for one-third of the award payout. Outstanding target awards (under the 2018 and 2019 LTIP award program) continue to be measured under the performance measures in effect when the awards were granted.
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|Program||Payment Form and
|Performance Measures and/or Value Proposition
for 2020 Awards
|LTIP||If earned, RPUs are settled in stock||Adjusted Earnings Per Share Growth||Supports long-term operating plan and business strategy|
|If earned, RPUs generally vest at the end of the three-year performance period||
Adjusted Free Cash Flow
Relative Total Shareowner Return as a modifier
Value increases or decreases with stock price
|Significant link to shareowner interests|
|Stock Option||Stock options generally vest 20% per year over five years and have a ten-year term||Value recognized only if stock price appreciates|
Significant link to shareowner interests
Enhance stock ownership and shareowner alignment
Total Long-Term Equity Incentive Award Target Values
LTIP target values are determined based on internal pay comparison considerations and market data regarding total compensation for comparable positions at similarly situated companies. Differences in the target award values are based on varying levels of responsibility among the NEOs. The LTIP target opportunity granted to eligible NEOs in 2020, based upon a percentage of annualized base salary, is shown below.
|Carol B. Tomé||735||90||825|
|David P. Abney(1)||300||90||390|
|Brian O. Newman||550||50||600|
|Kate M. Gutmann||350||30||380|
|Juan R. Perez||350||30||380|
|George A. Willis(2)||450||30||480|
|(1)||Retired as CEO effective May 31, 2020 and from all positions with the Company effective December 31, 2020. The LTIP target opportunity reflects the reduction in responsibilities during the year. Actual award payout, if any, will be prorated based on the number of months worked (12) during the three-year performance period.|
|(2)||Retired in August 2020. Actual award payout, if any, will be prorated based on the number of months worked (8) during the three-year performance period.|
The LTIP program is designed to strengthen the performance-based component of our executive compensation package, enhance retention of key talent, and align the interests of shareowners with the incentive compensation opportunity for executives. Approximately 470 members of our senior management team, including the NEOs, participate in this program. The program improves shareowner alignment and further enhances the long-term focus of the award by establishing longer-term
performance goals. Further, the program is designed to combine internal and external relative business performance measures. This combination balanced efforts to motivate and reward the management team for operational and financial success, while ensuring rewards are aligned with shareowner interests and returns.
A target award of RPUs is granted to participants at the beginning of the three-year performance period. The number of RPUs that can be earned by the NEOs under the LTIP award is shown in the Grants of Plan-Based Awards table. The actual number of RPUs that NEOs will receive will be determined following the completion of the performance period, based on achievement of the performance measures described below. The maximum LTIP award that can be earned is 220% of target.
Dividends payable on the number of shares underlying participants’ RPUs are allocated in the form of dividend equivalent units (“DEUs”). DEUs are subject to the same conditions as the underlying award. Awards that vest are distributed in shares of class A common stock. Special vesting rules apply to terminations by reason of death, disability or retirement during the performance period, as discussed under “Potential Payments Upon Termination or Change in Control.”
As described above, in 2020 the Committee, working with its independent compensation consultant, determined it was appropriate to approve performance measures different than those applicable to prior awards in order to more closely correlate compensation and shareholder returns. The performance measures selected by the Committee for the LTIP awards were adjusted earnings per share growth and adjusted free cash flow. Each measure will be evaluated independently and applied equally in determining final payouts. The final payout percentage for the award will be subject to modification based on the Company’s total shareholder return (“RTSR”) as a percentile rank relative to the total return on the stocks of the companies listed on the Standard & Poor’s 500 Composite Index (the “Index”). A description of each performance measure and the operation of the RTSR modifier follows:
Adjusted Earnings Per Share Growth1
Adjusted earnings per share growth measures our success in increasing profitability as compared with targets adopted at the beginning of the performance period. Adjusted earnings per share is determined by dividing the Company’s adjusted net income available to common shareowners by the diluted weighted average shares outstanding during the performance period. For this purpose, adjusted net income is determined by reference to our publicly reported adjusted net income. The adjusted earnings per share growth target is the projected average annual adjusted earnings per share growth during each of the years within the applicable performance period. The actual adjusted earnings per share growth for each year of the applicable performance period will be compared to the target and assigned a payout percentage; the average of the three payout percentages will be used to calculate the final payout percentage under this metric. Following the completion of the applicable performance period, the Committee will certify (i) the actual adjusted earnings per share growth for the performance period; (ii) the actual adjusted earnings per share growth for the performance period as compared to the target; and (iii) the final payout percentage for this metric.
Adjusted Free Cash Flow1
Adjusted free cash flow measures our ability to generate cash after accounting for capital expenditures. Adjusted free cash flow is determined by reducing the Company’s adjusted cash flow from operations by adjusted capital expenditures and proceeds from disposals of fixed assets, and adjusting for net changes in finance receivables, other investing activities and discretionary pension contributions. The adjusted free cash flow target is the projected aggregate adjusted free cash flow generated during the applicable performance period. Following the completion of the applicable performance period, the Committee will certify (i) the actual adjusted free cash flow for the performance period; (ii) the actual adjusted free cash flow for the performance period as compared to the target; and (iii) the final payout percentage for this metric.
Relative Total Shareowner Return
Total shareholder return measures the total return on an investment in UPS stock to an investor (stock price appreciation plus dividends). This total return is compared with the total return on the stock of the companies listed on the Index at the beginning of the applicable performance period. The Committee will assign a percentile rank relative to the companies listed on the Index based on RTSR. Following the completion of the Performance Period, the Committee will certify the Company’s RTSR and the payout modifier for that performance period, if any, as follows:
|RTSR Percentile Rank
Relative to Index
|Above 75th percentile||+20%|
|Between 25th and 75th percentile||None|
|Below 25th percentile||-20%|
2020 LTIP Award Grant
After monitoring and considering the economic impact and uncertainty caused by the coronavirus pandemic, and the challenges around long-term forecasting, the Committee made initial 2020 LTIP award grants in May 2020. Based on this uncertainty, the Committee determined it was appropriate to subdivide the three-year performance period for the 2020 LTIP program award into two tranches. The first tranche measured the achievement of the performance targets and the impact of the payout modifier for the portion of the 2020 LTIP performance period from January 1, 2020 through December 31, 2020. The results from this performance period will be used to determine 20% of the RPUs earned under the 2020 LTIP program award. The second tranche will measure the achievement of the performance targets and impact of the payout modifier for the portion of the 2020 LTIP performance period from January 1, 2021 through December 31, 2022. The results from this performance period will be used to determine 80% of the RPUs earned for the 2020 LTIP Program award. The Committee determined it was appropriate to more heavily weight the results from the second tranche of the performance period in order to maximize the at-risk nature of the award.
Because the 2020 LTIP award contains two tranches with separate performance goals, and the performance goals for the 2021-2022 performance period were not approved in 2020, in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, the grant date fair value of the 2020 LTIP award in the “Stock Awards” column of the Summary Compensation Table below includes only the grant date fair value of the award for the 2020 performance period. The grant date fair value of the 2020 LTIP award attributable to the 2021-2022 performance period will be included in this table next year, as applicable. Furthermore, the target and maximum number of RPUs that can be earned by the NEOs under the 2020 LTIP award shown in the Grants of Plan-Based Awards table only includes 20% of the of the total target and calculated maximum RPUs awarded under the 2020 LTIP award. The actual number of RPUs that NEOs will receive will be determined following the completion of the full three-year performance period. The remaining 80% of the 2020 LTIP award RPUs that can be earned by the NEOs will be included in this table next year.
|(1)||Non-GAAP financial measures. We believe that these non-GAAP measures are appropriate for the determination of our incentive compensation award results because they exclude items that may not be indicative of, or are unrelated to, our underlying operations and provide a useful baseline for analyzing trends in our underlying business. Non-GAAP financial measures should be considered in addition to, and not as an alternative for, our reported results prepared in accordance with GAAP. Our non-GAAP financial information does not represent a comprehensive basis of accounting. Therefore, our non-GAAP financial information may not be comparable to similarly titled measures reported by other companies.|
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2018 LTIP Award Payout
In 2018, the Committee granted LTIP awards with a three-year performance period to the NEOs who were employees of the Company at that time. The performance metrics for the 2018 LTIP awards were growth in adjusted consolidated revenue, adjusted operating return on invested capital and RTSR, each as described in our proxy statement for our 2019 annual meeting of shareowners. Each of the three metrics was evaluated independently and applied equally in determining award payouts; as described above, for the 2018 LTIP awards, RTSR was a performance metric and not a modifier. The performance targets and actual results for the completed performance period for the 2018 LTIP awards are set out below. The total payout for the 2018 LTIP award was 142% of target. RPUs awarded under the 2018 LTIP are considered earned and vested.
|*||Growth in adjusted consolidated revenue was calculated on a constant currency basis using 2018 levels as the baseline. Adjusted consolidated revenue excluded the impact of a new revenue recognition standard under GAAP. Adjusted operating return on invested capital was adjusted for the impact of new pension accounting standards, new lease accounting standards, legal contingency and expense charges, and capital expenditures associated primarily with network expansion.|
Stock Option Program and 2020 Stock Option Awards
The Committee believes that stock options provide significant incentives, as a direct link between Company performance and maximization of shareowner value. The option holder receives value only if our stock price increases. Stock options also have retention value; the option holder will not receive value from the options unless he or she remains employed during the vesting
period. Stock options generally vest 20% per year over five years and expire ten years from the date of grant. Unvested stock options vest automatically upon termination of employment because of death, disability or retirement. In light of the five-year vesting schedule, we do not maintain additional holding period requirements. Grants do not include dividend equivalents or any reload features. The number of stock options granted to the NEOs in 2020 is shown in the Grants of Plan-Based Awards table.
Generally, we do not pay discretionary bonuses in cash or stock, or make other discretionary payments, to our executives. In recent periods, however, in order to attract and retain senior executive talent to participate in the transformation of our business, the Committee determined it was appropriate to make certain limited payments to external executives hired to the Company’s Executive Leadership Team. A portion of the payments to the external hires were made to compensate the executives for compensation forfeited at their prior employers and transition them into our incentive programs. In addition, in connection with hiring of a new CEO in 2020, the Committee determined it was appropriate to provide certain incentives to various executive officers in order to provide for the retention of their services through a transition period.
In connection with his announced retirement and in order to assist with the transition of matters through his retirement date and in view of his ongoing services, on March 11, 2020, UPS entered into an agreement (the “Transition Agreement”) with David Abney. Pursuant to the Transition Agreement, David received his base salary through his retirement date and received a 2020 MIP target award valued at 165% of base salary. In addition, he received a 2020 LTIP target award valued at 300% of base salary. The Transition Agreement includes customary non-competition, non-solicitation and non-disparagement covenants in favor of the Company.
Under the terms of his 2019 employment offer letter described below, Brian Newman was entitled to: (i) a grant of RSUs with a value of $5,500,000, which vested in March 2020; (ii) a performance-based cash award with a target value of $3,000,000, payable in equal installments in March 2021 and March 2022, with the actual payout based on the Company’s performance
under the LTIP for periods ending December 31, 2020 and December 31, 2021, respectively; and (iii) a cash transition payment of $600,000 paid in March 2020. These amounts are subject to repayment on a prorated basis if Brian Newman resigns without “good reason” or is terminated for “cause” within 36 months following his September 2019 start date.
As described above, in order to provide for the retention of the services of certain executive officers in connection with our CEO transition, in May 2020, we entered into retention arrangements with each of Nando Cesarone, Kate Gutmann, Juan Perez and George Willis. The Committee initially intended that these agreements contain both performance and time vesting components, and that the performance components be different than the metrics under our MIP and LTIP programs. Due to the ongoing uncertainty created by the COVID-19 pandemic and the importance of the retention agreements to the Company, the Committee ultimately determined that the awards would be solely time based. Nando Cesarone, Kate Gutmann and Juan Perez each received $3.0 million in RSUs which vest as follows: 25% on May 13, 2021, 25% on May 13, 2022 and 50% on May 13, 2023, provided they remain an employee of UPS through the applicable vesting date. George Willis entered into an agreement pursuant to which he was granted $4.0 million in RSUs which would have vested had he remained employed by the Company through the above vesting dates; however, he forfeited the right to any payment under this agreement upon his retirement. In accordance with the rules and regulations of the SEC, the full value of these unvested awards is included in each individual’s 2020 compensation as reported in the Summary Compensation Table below. These agreements contain customary non-competition, non-solicitation and non-disclosure covenants in favor of the Company.
The benefits and perquisites provided to our NEOs are not a material part of executive compensation and are largely limited to those offered to our employees generally, or that we otherwise believe are necessary or appropriate to attract and retain executive talent. We believe certain perquisites help facilitate our NEOs’ ability to carry out their responsibilities, maximize working time and minimize distractions. Additional information on these benefits can be found in the program descriptions below. In addition, in 2020 the Company approved the use of corporate chartered aircraft by Brian Newman for personal reasons, which is not expected to be a
regular practice. This approval was directly related to the COVID-19 pandemic and the Company’s belief that Brian should not travel by commercial aircraft at that time.
The UPS 401(k) Savings Plan
Participation in the UPS 401(k) Savings Plan is offered to all U.S.-based employees who are not subject to a collective bargaining agreement and who are not eligible to participate in another savings plan sponsored by UPS or one of its subsidiaries. We generally match 50% of up to 5% of eligible pay contributed to
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the UPS 401(k) Savings Plan for eligible employees hired on or before December 31, 2007, 100% of up to 3.5% of eligible pay contributed to the plan for eligible employees hired on or after January 1, 2008, and 50% of up to 6% of eligible pay contributed to the plan for employees hired on or after July 1, 2016. The match is paid in shares of class A common stock. Effective for newly eligible plan participants on or after July 1, 2016, we also generally provide a Retirement Contribution based on years of service and expressed as a percentage of eligible compensation (5% for 0-4 years, 6% for 5-9 years, 7% for 10-14 years and 8% for 15 or more years).
Qualified and Non-Qualified Pension Plans
Certain executive officers are eligible to participate in our qualified retirement program, the UPS Retirement Plan. Benefits payable under the plan are subject to the maximum compensation limits and the annual benefit limits for a tax-qualified defined benefit plan as established by the Internal Revenue Service. Amounts exceeding these limits are paid pursuant to the UPS Excess Coordinating Benefit Plan, which is a non-qualified restoration plan designed to replace the amount of benefits limited under the tax-qualified plan. Without the Excess Coordinating Benefit Plan, the executive officers would receive a lower benefit as a percent of final average earnings than the benefit received by other participants in the UPS Retirement Plan. In accordance with the terms of the Excess Coordinating Benefit Plan, following a participant’s retirement, the Company pays an amount equal to the Social Security and Medicare taxes due on the present value of the benefits provided under the plan.
Financial Planning Services
Our executive officers are eligible for a financial services benefit. The Company reimburses fees from financial and tax service providers up to $15,000 per year, including the cost of personal excess liability insurance coverage.
Executive Health Services
UPS’s business continuity is best facilitated by avoiding any prolonged or unexpected absences by members of its senior management team. In 2020, executive officers were offered certain executive health services, including comprehensive physical examinations.
Discounted Employee Stock Purchase Plan
We have maintained a Discounted Employee Stock Purchase Plan since 2001. The plan provides all U.S.-based employees, including the NEOs, and some internationally based employees, with the opportunity to purchase up to $10,000 in our class A common stock annually at a discount to the market price. The plan complies with Section 423 of the Internal Revenue Code. Our class A common stock may be acquired under the plan at a purchase price equal to 95% of the fair market value of the shares on the last day of each calendar quarter. Share purchases are made on a quarterly basis.
Stock Ownership Guidelines
|CEO||= 8x annual salary|
|Other Executive Officers||= 5x annual salary|
|Directors||= 5x annual retainer|
In furtherance of one of UPS’s core principles relating to the importance of UPS stock ownership, we maintain stock ownership guidelines that apply to executive officers and members of the board. Shares of class A common stock (excluding any pledged shares), deferred units and vested and unvested RSUs and RPUs awarded under our equity incentive plans are considered owned for purposes of calculating ownership. Executive officers and directors are expected to reach target ownership within five years of the date that the executive officer or director became subject to the guideline.
As of December 31, 2020, all of the NEOs who have been subject to the guidelines for at least five years exceeded their target stock ownership. In addition, all of our non-employee directors who have been subject to the stock ownership guidelines for at least five years exceeded their target stock ownership. RSUs are required to be held by non-employee directors until separation from the board.
Hedging and Pledging Policies
We prohibit our executive officers and directors from hedging their ownership in UPS stock. Specifically, they are prohibited from purchasing or selling derivative securities relating to UPS stock and from purchasing financial instruments that are designed to hedge or offset any decrease in the market value of UPS securities. Additionally, we have adopted a policy prohibiting our directors and executive officers from entering into pledges of UPS securities, including using UPS securities as collateral for a loan and holding UPS securities in margin accounts. Furthermore, our employees, officers and directors are prohibited from engaging in short sales of UPS stock.
Our incentive compensation plans contain clawback provisions for all awards granted under the plans. If the Committee determines that financial results used to determine the amount of any award are materially restated, and that an executive officer engaged in fraud or intentional misconduct, we may seek repayment or recovery of the award from that executive officer. This clawback applies to all outstanding awards granted under our current and prior incentive plans. The 2021 Plan also includes clawback provisions.
Employment and Severance Arrangements; Change in Control Payments
The board believes that UPS has created a culture where long tenure for executives is the norm. As a result, we do not enter into agreements providing for the continuation of employment of an executive, or separate change in control agreements with any of our executive officers, including our NEOs, or other U.S.-based non-union employees.
However, in recent periods, in order to attract and retain senior executive talent to participate in the transformation of our business and in furtherance of the board’s succession planning efforts, we have deemed it appropriate to enter into a limited number of employment offer letters, transition agreements and retention arrangements. These offer letters and retention arrangements set out certain compensation terms in connection with the individual’s employment by UPS, but provide that employment is on an at-will basis. Some of the compensation described in the employment offer letters was designed to compensate the executives for compensation forfeited at their prior employers and transition them into our incentive programs. The potential compensation provided by the retention arrangements to certain NEOs is intended to further incentivize those officers to continue their employment with UPS. Transition agreements and retention arrangements have been utilized as a part of our succession planning process to help enable smooth leadership transitions.
In connection with her appointment as Chief Executive Officer, on March 11, 2020, the Company entered into an employment offer letter with Carol Tomé. The offer letter provides for: (i) an annual base salary of $1,250,000; (ii) a MIP award target of 165% of base salary, which for 2020 was prorated and payable in vested Class A common stock; (iii) a LTIP program award target of 735% of base salary; and (iv) a stock option grant target of 90% of base salary. Carol also entered into a protective covenant agreement, which protects UPS’s confidential information and includes non-competition and non-solicitation covenants in favor of UPS. It also provides her with continued payment of her base salary for up to 24 months if her employment is terminated by UPS without “cause” within two years following her start date. In the event she is terminated without cause after the first two years of employment, the Company is obligated to make such payments if it elects to enforce post-termination non-compete covenants connected to those agreements.
For a description of the transition agreement entered into with David Abney, see “Employment Transition Payments” above.
Under Brian Newman’s 2019 offer letter, he became entitled to: (i) a grant of UPS restricted stock units with a value of $5,500,000, which vested in March 2020; (ii) a performance-based cash award with a target value of $3,000,000, payable in equal installments in March 2021 and March 2022, with the actual payout based on the Company’s performance under the LTIP for periods ending December 31, 2020 and December 31, 2021, respectively; and (iii) a cash transition payment of $600,000 paid in March 2020. These amounts are subject to repayment on a prorated basis if he resigns without “good reason” or is terminated for “cause” within 36 months following his September 2019 start date. This offer letter also sets out annual base salary levels, eligibility to participate in the MIP, LTIP and Stock Option programs, and eligibility for relocation benefits and other employee benefits, all consistent with those received by our other senior executives.
In connection with the entry into the offer letter, Brian Newman entered into a protective covenant agreement with us which, in the event he is terminated without cause during the first two years of employment, provides for separation pay equal to two years’ salary. In the event he is terminated without cause after the first two years of employment, the Company is obligated to make such payments if it elects to enforce post-termination non-compete covenants connected to those agreements. Brian is also entitled to the continued vesting of his performance-based cash award (see “Employment Transition Payments” described above).
Under the terms of the retention arrangements with Nando Cesarone, Kate Gutmann and Juan Perez, each entered into customary non-competition, non-solicitation and non-disclosure agreements in favor of the Company. In the event that any of them are terminated without cause or resign for “good reason”, their RSU awards will continue to vest on the schedule set out above. George Willis also entered into a similar agreement in favor of the Company.
All outstanding equity awards that are continued or assumed by a successor entity in connection with a change in control require a “double trigger” in order for vesting to accelerate; that is, they also require a qualifying termination of employment prior to any acceleration of vesting.
Equity Grant Practices
Grants of awards to executive officers under all of our equity incentive programs are approved by the Compensation Committee. Stock options have an exercise price equal to the NYSE closing market price on the date of grant.
Our shareowners have the opportunity to vote annually, on an advisory basis, to approve the compensation of our NEOs as set out in the Compensation Discussion and Analysis section and in the compensation tables and accompanying narrative disclosure in the proxy statement. See “Proposal 2 – Advisory Vote to
Approve Named Executive Officer Compensation.” In the most recent advisory vote on executive compensation, taken at the 2020 Annual Meeting of Shareowners, over 88% of votes cast approved our NEO compensation as described in our 2020 Proxy Statement. The Compensation Committee carefully considered
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the results of this vote as well as many other factors in determining the structure and operation of our executive compensation programs. In addition, we regularly engage with our shareowners
on ESG matters, including executive compensation matters. We use the results of these engagements to inform board discussions on our corporate governance policies and pay practices.
The following table sets forth the compensation for our NEOs. As described under “2020 LTIP Program” in the Compensation Discussion and Analysis above, as a result of circumstances arising from the COVID-19 pandemic, 2020 LTIP program awards were granted with two separate performance periods. In accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, amounts in the “Stock Awards” column of the Summary Compensation Table reflect only a portion of the target value granted to the NEOs under such awards.
We do not believe amounts in the Summary Compensation Table are completely representative of the value granted to our NEOs in 2020. Therefore, following the Summary Compensation Table, we have presented a Supplemental 2020 Compensation Table including 100% of the target value of the 2020 LTIP awards.
|Stock||Option||Incentive Plan||Compensation||All Other|
|Carol B. Tomé||2020||729,169||—||1,833,812||1,125,010||—||—||84,919||3,772,910|
|Chief Executive Officer|
|David P. Abney||2020||1,310,199||—||1,411,585||1,153,237||944,029||627,803||395,277||5,842,130|
|Retired Chief Executive Officer||2019||1,272,042||—||11,670,956||1,119,650||317,496||3,619,574||31,207||18,030,925|
|Brian O. Newman||2020||741,321||600,000||991,596||362,505||2,555,238||—||96,784||5,347,444|
|Chief Financial Officer||2019||212,898||—||5,500,084||—||—||—||27,139||5,740,121|
|President, U.S. Operations|
|Kate M. Gutmann||2020||688,896||—||3,664,545||179,714||409,344||354,807||19,322||5,316,628|
|Chief Sales and Solutions Officer|
|Juan R. Perez||2020||644,352||—||3,642,589||173,760||379,291||336,592||29,922||5,206,506|
|Chief Information and Engineering Officer|
|George A. Willis||2020||466,680||—||4,850,591||171,959||—||898,339||125,939||6,513,508|
|Retired President, U.S. Operations|
|(1)||This column represents the salary earned during the portion of the year that the executive was employed. Carol Tomé joined the Company as CEO in June 2020.|
|(2)||See “Employment Transition Payments and Retention Arrangements” and “Employment and Severance Arrangements; Change in Control Payments” in the Compensation Discussion and Analysis for a description of compensation in connection with Brian Newman’s hiring.|
|(3)||The values for stock awards in this column represent the aggregate grant date fair value for the stock awards granted in the applicable year, computed in accordance with Financial Accounting Standards Board Accounting Standards Codification (“FASB ASC”) Topic 718. These awards include LTIP RPUs, MIP RPUs, MIP class A shares and the special grant of RSUs made to Brian Newman, Nando Cesarone, Kate Gutmann and Juan Perez. As described above, the grant date fair value of the 2020 LTIP awards includes only the portion of that award for the 2020 performance period. These awards also include the special grant of RSUs made to George Willis, which he forfeited upon his retirement. Awards with performance conditions are valued based on the probable outcome of the performance condition as of the grant date for the award. Information about the assumptions used to value these awards can be found in Note 13 “Stock-Based Compensation” in our 2020 Annual Report on Form 10-K. The amounts reported for these awards may not represent the amounts that the individuals will actually receive. The amounts received, if any, ultimately will depend on Company performance and the change in our stock price over time. An overview of the features of these awards can be found in the “Compensation Discussion and Analysis.”|
|In accordance with SEC rules, we also are required to disclose the grant date fair value for awards with performance conditions assuming maximum performance. The grant date fair value for the 2020 LTIP RPU awards, assuming maximum performance for the portion of that award for the 2020 performance period, is as follows: Tomé — $4,034,387; Abney — $1,708,411; Newman — $1,772,126; Cesarone — $1,090,254; Gutmann — $931,813; Perez — $900,923; and Willis — $1,399,957.|
|(4)||The values for stock option awards represent the aggregate grant date fair value for the option awards granted in the applicable year, computed in accordance with FASB ASC Topic 718. The assumptions used to value these awards can be found in Note 13 “Stock-Based Compensation” in our 2020 Annual Report on Form 10-K. The amounts reported for these awards may not represent the amounts that the individuals will actually receive. The amounts received, if any, ultimately will depend on the change in our stock price over time. An overview of the features of these awards can be found in the “Compensation Discussion and Analysis” section.|
|(5)||Represents the cash portion of the MIP performance incentive award and the MIP ownership incentive award. For a description of the MIP, see “Compensation Discussion and Analysis.” The MIP ownership incentive award was paid at 100% of target (one month’s salary) for each eligible NEO who met or exceeded his or her target ownership level in the same proportion that the MIP award is paid. Also, for Brian Newman, represents the portion of the performance-based cash award granted under his employment offer letter.|
|(6)||Represents an estimate of the annual increase in the actuarial present value of the NEOs’ accrued benefit under our retirement plans for the applicable year, assuming retirement at age 60 (or current age, if later). See “Executive Compensation — 2020 Pension Benefits” for additional information, including assumptions used in this calculation. The change in pension value can be impacted by a number of factors, including additional credited service, changes in amounts of compensation covered by the benefit formula, plan amendments and assumption changes.|
|(7)||All other compensation consisted of the following:|
|Carol B. Tomé(3)||—||—||3,125||5,544||15,000||—||61,250||84,919|
|David P. Abney(4)||—||—||7,125||19,205||8,009||6,278||354,660||395,277|
|Brian O. Newman(5)||10,645||—||8,550||1,908||15,000||6,278||54,403||96,784|
|Kate M. Gutmann||—||—||7,125||1,763||4,156||6,278||—||19,322|
|Juan R. Perez||—||—||7,125||1,640||14,879||6,278||—||29,922|
|George A. Willis(6)||—||—||7,125||2,072||9,544||6,278||100,920||125,939|
|(1)||For eligible plan participants hired after July 1, 2016, we generally provide a retirement contribution based on years of service.|
|(2)||For eligible plan participants hired after July 1, 2016, benefits payable under the UPS 401(k) Savings Plan are subject to the maximum compensation limits and the annual benefit limits for a tax-qualified defined contribution plan as established by the Internal Revenue Service. Amounts exceeding these limits are paid pursuant to the UPS Restoration Savings Plan.|
|(3)||Other column consists of payments made for independent director service prior to being appointed CEO, which payments are also included in the “Fees Earned or Paid in Cash” column of the Director Compensation table.|
|(4)||Other column consists of additional restoration amount under the Excess Coordinating Benefit Plan as described above.|
|(5)||Other column consists of relocation expenses ($42,024) and the value of special use of corporate chartered aircraft for personal reasons ($12,379). These amounts were valued on the basis of the aggregate incremental cost to the Company and represent the amount accrued for payment or paid to the service provider or the individual, as applicable.|
|(6)||Other column consists of unused vacation pay out as required under California law ($40,386) and additional restoration amount ($60,534) under the Excess Coordinating Benefit Plan as described above.|
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The table below includes 100% of the target value of the 2020 LTIP awards in the “Stock Awards” column as if the entire target value was calculated and included in 2020 compensation in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles. We believe this table is more representative of our NEOs’ 2020 compensation than the Summary Compensation Table above. For ease of reference, we have highlighted the columns that differ from the 2020 amounts in the Summary Compensation Table. This table should not be viewed as a substitute for the required Summary Compensation Table above.
|Carol B. Tomé||729,169||—||$9,169,061||1,125,010||—||—||84,919||11,108,159|
|David P. Abney||1,310,199||—||$4,517,786||1,153,237||944,029||627,803||395,277||8,948,331|
|Brian O. Newman||741,321||600,000||$4,213,644||362,505||2,555,238||—||96,784||8,569,492|
|Kate M. Gutmann||688,896||—||$5,358,750||179,714||409,344||354,807||19,322||7,010,833|
|Juan R. Perez||644,352||—||$5,280,631||173,760||379,291||336,592||29,922||6,844,548|
|George A. Willis||466,680||—||$7,395,968||171,959||—||898,339||125,939||9,058,885|
The following table provides information about plan-based awards granted during 2020 to each of the NEOs. As discussed above, in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, amounts in the “Estimated Future Payouts Under Equity Incentive Plan Awards” column and the “Grant Date Fair Value of Stock and Options Awards” column below reflect only a portion of the 2020 LTIP target value granted to the NEOs.
|Estimated Possible Payouts
Under Non-Equity Incentive
|Estimated Future Payouts
Under Equity Incentive
|Awards ($/Sh)||Awards |
|Carol B. Tomé||6/1/2020||3/11/2020||—||—||—||0||18,508||40,718||—||—||—||1,833,812|
|David P. Abney||—||—||725,894||1,666,667||—||—||—||—||—||—||—|
|Brian O. Newman||—||—||323,596||1,666,667||—||—||—||—||—||—||—|
|Estimated Possible Payouts
Under Non-Equity Incentive
|Estimated Future Payouts
Under Equity Incentive
|Kate M. Gutmann||—||—||311,501||1,666,667||—||—||—||—||—||—||—|
|Juan R. Perez||—||—||288,631||1,666,667||—||—||—||—||—||—||—|
|George A. Willis||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—|
|(1)||Reflects, as applicable, the target and maximum values of the cash portion of the 2020 MIP performance incentive award for each NEO. A participant’s first MIP performance incentive award is paid entirely in vested class A stock. The potential payments for the MIP performance incentive award are performance-based and therefore at risk. The MIP is described in the “Compensation Discussion and Analysis.”|
|(2)||Potential number of RPUs that could be earned under the 2020 LTIP, solely for the 2020 performance period, if the target or maximum performance goals are attained. Does not include potential number of units that could be earned for the 2021 – 2022 performance period under the 2020 LTIP award.|
|(3)||Represents the number of RPUs or shares of class A stock granted in 2020 pursuant to the 2019 MIP. For Nando Cesarone, Kate Gutmann and Juan Perez, also represents (in the last row for each such NEO) a special grant of RSUs. For George Willis, also represents (in his last row) the special grant of RSUs that he forfeited upon his retirement.|
|(4)||Number of stock options granted under the Stock Option program in 2020.|
|(5)||Grant date fair value under FASB ASC Topic 718 of the LTIP RPUs, MIP RPUs, stock options and the special RSU awards, as applicable, granted to each of the NEOs in 2020. Fair values are calculated using the NYSE closing price of UPS stock on the date of grant for RPUs and RSUs, and the Black-Scholes option pricing model for stock options. The grant date fair value of the units granted under the 2020 LTIP, which have performance conditions, are computed based on the probable outcome of the performance conditions for the 2020 performance period and does not include the grant date fair value of the units based on the probable outcome of the performance conditions for the 2021-2022 performance period. There can be no assurance that any value will ever be realized.|
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The following table shows the number of shares covered by exercisable options, unexercisable options, and unvested RSUs and RPUs held by the NEOs on December 31, 2020.
|Name||Option Awards||Stock Awards|
|Carol B. Tomé||—||101,261||99.28||6/1/2020||6/1/2030|
|David P. Abney||9,461||—||82.87||3/1/2013||3/1/2023|
|Brian O. Newman||—||30,386||105.54||2/12/2020||2/12/2030|
|Kate M. Gutmann||2,726||—||96.98||3/4/2014||3/4/2024|
|Juan R. Perez||5,820||1,455||98.77||3/2/2016||3/2/2026|
|George A. Willis||—||—||—|
|(1)||Stock options vest over a five-year period with 20% of the option vesting at each anniversary date of the grant. All options expire ten years from the date of grant. Under the terms of our equity incentive plans, unvested stock options become fully vested on the retirement date for the NEOs if they meet certain service requirements.|
|(2)||Unvested stock awards in this column include RPUs granted as part of the MIP in 2016, 2017 and 2018 that vest over a five-year period with approximately 20% of the award vesting on January 15 of each year. The RPUs granted as part of the MIP in 2020 vest one year after the grant date. Also includes the special grant of RSUs to Nando Cesarone, Kate Gutmann and Juan Perez on May 13, 2020 that had not vested at December 31, 2020. Values are rounded to the closest unit.|
|(3)||Market value based on NYSE closing price of the class B common stock on December 31, 2020 of $168.40.|
|(4)||Represents the potential units to be earned under the 2019 LTIP award (for the three-year performance period ending December 31, 2021), the 2020 LTIP award (for the three-year performance period ending December 31, 2022), and any dividend equivalent units allocated since the grants were made. Assumes target performance goals will be met for all performance periods.|
The following table sets forth the subject number of shares and corresponding value realized during 2020 regarding options that were exercised, and restricted stock units and restricted performance units that vested, for each NEO.
|Name||Option Awards||Stock Awards|
|Carol B. Tomé||—||—||—||—|
|David P. Abney||—||—||109,750||16,928,813|
|Brian O. Newman||—||—||45,766||4,312,487|
|Kate M. Gutmann||10,072||802,009||26,614||3,957,399|
|Juan R. Perez||—||—||24,804||3,726,654|
|George A. Willis||35,501||2,319,133||21,543||3,239,305|
|(1)||The numbers in this column represents the 2018 LTIP award settled in the form of RPUs that vested on December 31, 2020; approximately 20% of the MIP RPUs granted in each of 2016, 2017 and 2018 that vested on January 15, 2020; and the RSU award to Brian Newman that vested in 2020. Vested RPU awards and RSU awards are distributed to participants in an equivalent number of shares of class A common stock.|
|(2)||The value shown is based on the NYSE closing price of the class B common stock on December 31, 2020, the date the RPUs granted under the 2018 LTIP award and portions of the MIP RPUs granted in each of 2016, 2017 and 2018, vested, of $168.40 per share; and March 15, 2020, the date the special RSU award to Brian Newman vested, of $94.23 per share.|
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The following table quantifies the pension benefits expected to be paid to each NEO from the UPS Retirement Plan and the UPS Excess Coordinating Benefit Plan as of December 31, 2020. The terms of each are described below.
|Name||Plan Name||Number of
|Carol B. Tomé(1)||UPS Retirement Plan||—||—||—|
|UPS Excess Coordinating Benefit Plan||—||—||—|
|David P. Abney||UPS Retirement Plan||46.8||2,576,101||—|
|UPS Excess Coordinating Benefit Plan||46.8||14,906,519||—|
|Brian O. Newman(1)||UPS Retirement Plan||—||—||—|
|UPS Excess Coordinating Benefit Plan||—||—||—|
|Nando Cesarone(1)||UPS Retirement Plan||—||—||—|
|UPS Excess Coordinating Benefit Plan||—||—||—|
|Kate M. Gutmann||UPS Retirement Plan||31.0||1,753,816||—|
|UPS Excess Coordinating Benefit Plan||—||—||—|
|Juan R. Perez||UPS Retirement Plan||31.0||1,798,913||—|
|UPS Excess Coordinating Benefit Plan||—||—||—|
|George A. Willis||UPS Retirement Plan||35.9||2,235,671||36,331|
|UPS Excess Coordinating Benefit Plan||35.9||2,487,092||—|
|(1)||Not eligible to participate in the UPS Retirement Plan or the UPS Excess Coordinating Benefit Plan.|
|(2)||Represents years of service as of December 31, 2020 for all plans.|
|(3)||Represents the total discounted value of the monthly lifetime benefit earned at December 31, 2020, assuming the individual continues in service and retires at age 60 or at the executive’s actual age, if later. The present value is not the monthly or annual lifetime benefit that would be paid to the individual. The present values are based on discount rates of 2.77% and 3.06% for the UPS Retirement Plan and UPS Excess Coordinating Benefit Plan, respectively, at December 31, 2020. The present values assume no pre-retirement mortality and utilize the Pri-2012 healthy mortality table with adjusted mortality improvement after 2012 (no collar for the UPS Retirement Plan and white collar for the UPS Excess Coordinating Benefit Plan), with mortality improvements after 2012 using the MP-2020 projection scale adjusted to converge to 0.5% in 2025 on the RPEC model.|
The UPS Retirement Plan is non-contributory and includes substantially all eligible employees of participating domestic subsidiaries who are not members of a collective bargaining unit, as well as certain employees covered by a collective bargaining agreement. The UPS Retirement Plan was closed to new entrants as of July 1, 2016.
UPS also sponsors a non-qualified defined benefit plan, the UPS Excess Coordinating Benefit Plan, for non-union employees whose pay and benefits in the qualified plan are limited by the Internal Revenue Service. An employee must be at least age 55 with 10 years of service to be eligible to participate in this plan. In the year that an individual first becomes eligible to participate in the UPS Excess Coordinating Benefit Plan, there is an increase for the participant for that year equal to the full present value of the participant’s accrued benefit in the plan. In accordance with
the terms of the Excess Coordinating Benefit Plan, following a participant’s retirement, the Company pays an amount equal to the Social Security and Medicare taxes due on the present value of the benefits provided under the plan.
The UPS Retirement Plan and UPS Excess Coordinating Benefit Plan provide monthly lifetime benefits to participants and their eligible beneficiaries based on final average compensation at retirement, service with UPS and age at retirement. Participants may choose to receive a reduced benefit payable in an optional form of an annuity that is equivalent to the single lifetime benefit.
The plans provide monthly benefits based on the results from up to four benefit formulas. Participants receive the largest benefit from among the applicable benefit formulas. For Kate Gutmann, Juan Perez and George Willis, the formula that results in the largest benefit is called the “grandfathered integrated formula.” This formula provides retirement income equal to 58.33% of final
average compensation, offset by a portion of the Social Security benefit. A participant with less than 35 years of benefit service receives a proportionately lesser amount. For David Abney, the formula that results in the largest benefit is called the “integrated account formula.” This formula provides retirement income equal to 1.2% of final average compensation plus 0.4% of final average compensation in excess of the Social Security Wage Base times years of benefit service.
Participants earn benefit service for the time they work as an eligible UPS employee. For purposes of the formulas, compensation includes salary and an eligible portion of the MIP award. The average final compensation for each participant in the plans is the average covered compensation of the participant during the five highest consecutive years out of the last ten full calendar years of service.
Benefits payable under the UPS Retirement Plan are subject to the maximum compensation limits and the annual benefit limits for a tax-qualified defined benefit plan as prescribed and adjusted from time to time by the Internal Revenue Service. Eligible amounts exceeding these limits will be paid from the UPS Excess Coordinating Benefit Plan. Under this plan, participants receive the benefit in the form of a life annuity.
The plans permit participants with 25 or more years of benefit service to retire as early as age 55 with only a limited reduction in the amount of their monthly benefits. Each of the NEOs would be eligible to retire at age 60 and receive unreduced benefits from the plans. In addition, the plans allow participants with ten years or more of service to retire at age 55 with a larger reduction in the amount of their benefit. George Willis retired on August 31, 2020, as a result his benefits were reduced by 13%. As of December 31, 2020, David Abney was eligible for early retirement with unreduced benefits.
The following table shows the executive and Company contributions or credits, earnings and account balances for the NEOs in the UPS Deferred Compensation Plan and UPS Restoration Savings Plan for 2020.
in Last FY
in Last FY
in Last FY
|Carol B. Tomé||UPS Deferred Compensation Plan||61,250||—||407,219||—||3,573,204|
|David P. Abney||UPS Deferred Compensation Plan||—||—||1,293,335||—||4,567,228|
|Brian O. Newman||—||—||—||—||—||—|
|Nando Cesarone||UPS Restoration Savings Plan||—||9,645||—||—||9,645|
|Kate M. Gutmann||UPS Deferred Compensation Plan||—||—||135,095||—||437,831|
|Juan R. Perez||UPS Deferred Compensation Plan||157,991||—||198,347||—||1,031,296|
|George Willis||UPS Deferred Compensation Plan||21,749||—||120,255||—||689,807|
|(1)||For Carol Tomé, represents deferral of non-employee director fees as also reported in the “All Other Compensation” column of the Summary Compensation Table; for Juan Perez and George Willis, represents deferral of base salary. Amounts are also disclosed in the “Salary” column of the Summary Compensation Table.|
|(2)||Amount of Company credits to the UPS Restoration Savings Plan, which amounts are also disclosed in the “All Other Compensation” column of the Summary Compensation Table.|
|(3)||Certain amounts in this column represent salary, bonus or stock options contributed by the NEO to the plans in prior years as follows: Tomé — $1,822,500 Abney —$1,122,198; Newman – $0; Cesarone — $0; Gutmann — $118,149; Perez — $496,614; and Willis - $263,652.|
The deferred compensation vehicles in the UPS Deferred Compensation Plan and the UPS Restoration Savings Plan are described below. Not all of the NEOs participate in each feature of the UPS Deferred Compensation Plan.
|•||Prior to December 31, 2004, contributions could be deferred from executive officers’ monthly salary and from their half-month bonus.|
|•||Prior to December 31, 2004, non-employee directors could defer retainer and meeting fees quarterly. Assets from the discontinued UPS Retirement Plan for Outside Directors were transferred to the 2004 and Before Salary Deferral Feature in 2003.|
|•||No contributions were permitted after December 31, 2004, except as described below.|
|•||After December 31, 2004, executive officers may defer 1% to 35% of their monthly salary and 1% to 100% of the cash portion of the MIP award. They may also defer excess pre-tax contributions if the UPS 401(k) Savings Plan fails the annual average deferral percentage test.|
|•||Non-employee directors may defer retainer fees quarterly.|
|•||Elections are made annually for the following calendar year.|
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|•||Assets are invested solely in shares of UPS stock.|
|•||Non-qualified or incentive stock options which vested prior to December 31, 2004 were deferrable during the annual enrollment period for the following calendar year. Participants deferred receipt of UPS stock that would otherwise be taxable upon the exercise of the stock option.|
|•||The shares received upon exercise of these options are deferred into a rabbi trust. The shares held in this trust are classified as treasury stock, and the liability to participating employees is classified as “deferred compensation obligations” in the shareowners’ equity section of the balance sheet.|
|•||No deferrals of stock options were permitted after December 31, 2004.|
|•||As a result of the requirements applicable to non-qualified deferred compensation arrangements under Section 409A of the Internal Revenue Code and related guidance, deferral of stock options is no longer offered under the UPS Deferred Compensation Plan for options that vested after December 31, 2004.|
|•||For the 2004 and Before Salary Deferral Feature, participants may elect to receive the funds in a lump sum or up to a 10 year installment (of 120 monthly payments), subject to restrictions if the balance is less than $20,000.|
|•||For the 2005 and Beyond Salary Deferral Feature, participants may elect to receive funds in a lump sum or up to a 10 year installment (120 monthly payments), subject to restrictions if the balance, plus the total balance in any other account which must be aggregated with the 2005 and Beyond Salary Deferral Account under Section 409A of the Internal Revenue Code, is less than the Internal Revenue Code Section 402(g) annual limit in effect for qualified 401(k) plans on the date the participant becomes eligible for a distribution.|
|•||For the Stock Option Deferral Feature, participants may elect to receive shares in a lump sum or up to 10 annual installments, subject to restrictions if the balance is less than $20,000. The distribution of shares will occur pro-rata based on the type of stock options (non-qualified or incentive) that were originally deferred.|
|•||The distribution election under the 2005 and Beyond Salary Deferral Feature may be changed one time only, but may be changed more frequently under the 2004 and Before Salary Deferral Feature and the Stock Option Deferral Feature.|
|•||Hardship distributions are permitted under all three features of the UPS Deferred Compensation Plan.|
|•||Withdrawals are not permitted under the 2005 and Beyond Salary Deferral Feature, but withdrawals are permitted for 100% of the account under the 2004 and Before Salary Deferral Feature and Stock Option Deferral Feature. However, withdrawals will result in a forfeiture of 10% of the participant’s total account balances.|
No Company contributions are made to any of the three features of the UPS Deferred Compensation Plan. The aggregate balances shown in the table above represent amounts that the NEOs have earned but elected to defer, plus earnings (or less losses). There are no above-market or preferential earnings in the UPS Deferred Compensation Plan. The investment options mirror those in the UPS 401(k) Savings Plan. Dividends earned on shares of UPS stock in the UPS Deferred Compensation Plan are earned at the same rate as all other class A and class B shares of common stock. Dividends are added to the participant’s deferred compensation balance. Deferral elections made under the UPS Deferred Compensation Plan are irrevocable once made.
Benefits payable under the UPS 401(k) Savings Plan are subject to the maximum compensation limits and the annual benefit limits for a tax-qualified defined contribution plan as established by the Internal Revenue Service. Amounts exceeding these limits are paid pursuant to the UPS Restoration Savings Plan, which is a non-qualified restoration plan designed to replace the amount
of benefits limited under the tax-qualified plan. Without the UPS Restoration Savings Plan, executive officers would receive a lower benefit as a percent of eligible compensation than the benefit received by other participants in the UPS Savings Plan.
Our Compensation Committee believes that UPS has created a culture where long tenure for executives is the norm. As a result, executive officers serve without employment contracts, as do most of our other U.S.-based non-union employees.
In connection with the hiring of each of Carol Tomé and Brian Newman we entered into protective covenant agreements with each of them. These agreements provide for separation pay equal to two years’ salary in the event they are terminated without cause during the first two years of employment. In the event Brian is terminated without cause during the first two years of employment his special performance based cash award granted in September 2019 will continue vesting. In the event either of them are terminated without cause after the first two years of employment, the Company is obligated to make such payments and continue vesting such grants if it elects to enforce post-termination non-compete covenants connected to those agreements.
In addition, we entered into retention arrangements and protective covenant agreements with Nando Cesarone, Kate Gutmann and Juan Perez that provide for the continued vesting of their special RSU retention grants in the event they are terminated without cause or resign for “good reason”.
Our current and prior equity incentive plans and related documents contain provisions that affect outstanding awards to all plan participants, including the NEOs, in the event of a participant’s death, disability or retirement, or a change in control (as defined below) of the Company.
Upon a participant’s death, disability or retirement:
|•||Options will immediately vest, and remain exercisable until the tenth anniversary of the date of grant;|
|•||Shares of restricted stock, RSUs or RPUs that are no longer subject to performance conditions will immediately vest. In the case of a participant’s death, shares (or cash, as|
|applicable) attributable to the number of restricted shares, RSUs or RPUs will be transferred to the participant’s estate within 90 days. In the case of a participant’s disability or retirement, shares (or cash, as applicable) attributable to the number of restricted shares, RSUs or RPUs will be transferred to the participant on the same schedule as if they had remained employed; and|
|•||Shares of restricted stock, RSUs and RPUs that are still subject to performance conditions shall be deemed earned on a prorated basis for the number of months worked during the performance period. In the case of a participant’s death, shares (or cash, as applicable) attributable to the prorated number of restricted shares, RSUs or RPUs calculated at target performance level will be transferred to the participant’s estate within 90 days. In the case of a participant’s disability or retirement, shares (or cash, as applicable) attributable to the prorated number of restricted shares, RSUs or RPUs calculated based on actual performance results for the full performance period will be transferred to the participant following the end of the performance period.|
Upon a change in control, if the successor company does not continue, assume or substitute other grants for outstanding awards, or upon a change in control followed by a qualifying termination:
|•||Options will immediately vest and become exercisable;|
|•||Shares of restricted stock, RSUs or RPUs that are no longer subject to performance conditions will immediately vest; and|
|•||Shares of restricted stock, RSUs and RPUs that are still subject to performance conditions will be deemed earned to the extent that actual achievement of the applicable performance conditions can be determined, or on a prorated basis for the portion of the performance period completed prior to the change in control or qualifying termination, based on target or actual performance.|
Other outstanding awards will vest and be paid generally as described in the bullet points above (except, where applicable, timing of payment generally will be tied to such change in control, rather than termination or resignation). We do not provide for the payment of tax gross-ups on outstanding awards.
|56||Notice of Annual Meeting of Shareowners and 2021 Proxy Statement|
The following table shows the potential payments to the NEOs upon a termination of employment under various circumstances. In preparing the table, we assumed the event occurred on December 31, 2020. The closing price per share of our class B common stock on the NYSE on December 31, 2020 was $168.40. The actual amounts to be paid under any of the scenarios can only be determined at the time of such NEO’s separation from the Company. George Willis is not included in the table because he was not employed on this date. Upon his retirement, all outstanding stock options vested and became exercisable and his outstanding LTIP grants vested, with payout prorated based on the number of months worked during each applicable performance period, subject in each case to actual performance as determined at the end of each performance period.
|Carol B. Tomé|
|Termination (voluntary or involuntary for cause)||—||—||—|
|Termination (involuntary without cause)||2,500,008||—||2,500,008|
|Change in Control (with qualifying termination)||—||26,933,348||26,933,348|
|David P. Abney|
|Termination (voluntary or involuntary for cause)||—||—||—|
|Termination (involuntary without cause)||—||—||—|
|Change in Control (with qualifying termination)||—||40,747,243||40,747,243|
|Brian O. Newman|
|Termination (voluntary or involuntary for cause)||—||—||—|
|Termination (involuntary without cause)||4,493,520||—||4,493,520|
|Change in Control (with qualifying termination)||—||9,487,022||9,487,022|
|Termination (voluntary or involuntary for cause)||—||—||—|
|Termination (involuntary without cause)||—||5,689,907||5,689,907|
|Change in Control (with qualifying termination)||—||15,219,553||15,219,553|
|Kate M. Gutmann|
|Termination (voluntary or involuntary for cause)||—||—||—|
|Termination (involuntary without cause)||—||5,689,907||5,689,907|
|Change in Control (with qualifying termination)||—||16,103,111||16,103,111|
|Juan R. Perez|
|Termination (voluntary or involuntary for cause)||—||—||—|
|Termination (involuntary without cause)||—||5,689,907||5,689,907|
|Change in Control (with qualifying termination)||—||15,724,855||15,724,855|
|(1)||Represents the value of separation pay, and with respect to Brian Newman, the payment of his performance-based cash award (see “Employment Transition Payments” above). A portion of Brian’s performance-based cash award was paid out in March 2021, and the remaining portion of this award will be paid out in March 2022.|
|(2)||Represents the value of accelerated vesting of stock options and RPUs in accordance with the terms of the 2009 Plan, the 2012 Plan, the 2015 Plan, the 2018 Plan and the applicable award certificates. Also includes the 2019 and 2020 LTIP awards calculated at target. The performance measurement period for the 2019 LTIP award ends December 31, 2021, and performance measurement period for the 2020 LTIP award ends December 31, 2022. With respect to Nando Cesarone Kate Gutmann and Juan Perez, includes the continued vesting of the one-time RSU awards to each as described in “Employment Transition Payments” above.|
The previous table does not include payments and benefits to the extent they are generally provided on a non-discriminatory basis to salaried employees not subject to a collective bargaining agreement upon termination of employment. These include:
|•||Life insurance upon death in the amount of 12 times the employee’s monthly base salary, with a December 31, 2020 maximum benefit payable of $1 million;|
|•||A death benefit in the amount of three times the employee’s monthly salary;|
|•||Disability benefits; and|
|•||Accrued vacation amounts.|
The tables also do not include amounts to which the executives would be entitled to receive that are already described in the compensation tables that appear earlier in this Proxy Statement, including:
|•||The value of equity awards that are already vested;|
|•||Amounts payable under defined benefit pension plans; and|
|•||Amounts previously deferred into the deferred compensation plan.|
A change in control of the company as defined in the 2018 Plan is deemed to have occurred as of the first day that any one or more of the following conditions shall have been satisfied:
|•||The consummation of a reorganization, merger, share exchange or consolidation, in each case, where persons who were shareowners of UPS immediately prior to such reorganization, merger, share exchange or consolidation do not, immediately thereafter, own more than fifty percent (50%) of the combined voting power of the reorganized, merged, surviving or consolidated company’s then outstanding securities entitled to vote generally in the election of directors in substantially the same proportions as immediately prior to the transaction; or a liquidation or dissolution of UPS or the sale of substantially all of UPS’s assets; or|
|•||Individuals who, as of any date (the “Beginning Date”), constitute the Board of Directors (the “Incumbent Board”) and who, as of the end of the two-year period beginning on such Beginning Date, cease for any reason to constitute at least a majority of the Board of Directors, provided that any person becoming a director subsequent to the Beginning Date whose election, or nomination for election by UPS’s shareowners, was approved by a vote of at least a majority of the directors then comprising the Incumbent Board (other than an election or nomination of an individual whose initial assumption of office is in connection with an actual or threatened election contest relating to the election of the directors of UPS, as such terms are used under applicable SEC rules and requirements) shall be considered as though such person were a member of the Incumbent Board.|
The following table sets forth information as of December 31, 2020 concerning shares of our common stock authorized for issuance under all of our equity compensation plans.
|Plan category||Number of Securities
to be Issued
Upon Exercise of
Warrants and Rights
Exercise Price of
Warrants and Rights
|Number of Securities Remaining
Available for Future Issuance
Under Equity Compensation
Plans (Excluding Securities
Reflected in Column (a))
|Equity compensation plans approved by security holders(1)||11,037,149||14.83||19,021,611||(2)|
|Equity compensation plans not approved by security holders||—||N/A||—|
|(1)||Includes the 1999 Plan, the 2009 Plan, the 2012 Plan, the 2015 Plan, the 2018 Plan and the Discounted Employee Stock Purchase Plan, each of which has been approved by our shareowners. Effective with the approval of the 2018 Plan in May 2018, no additional securities may be issued under the 1999 Plan, the 2009 Plan, the 2012 Plan or the 2015 Plan. Awards that do not entitle the holder to receive or purchase shares and awards that are settled in cash are not counted against the aggregate number of shares available for awards under the 2018 Plan.|
|(2)||In addition to grants of options, warrants or rights, this number includes up to 7,204,905 shares of common stock or other stock-based awards that may be issued under the 2018 Plan, and up to 11,816,706 shares of common stock that may be issued under the Discounted Employee Stock Purchase Plan. This number does not include shares under the 1999 Plan, the 2009 Plan, the 2012 Plan or the 2015 Plan because no new awards may be made under those plans.|
|58||Notice of Annual Meeting of Shareowners and 2021 Proxy Statement|
As required by Item 402(u) of Regulation S-K, pursuant to the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act, we are providing the following ratio of the annual total compensation of our CEO to the annual total compensation of our median employee.
The 2020 annual total compensation of the median compensated employee was $44,254; our CEO’s 2020 annualized total compensation was $14,276,035, and the ratio of these amounts was 323-to-one. Our CEO’s 2020 annualized total compensation was different from the amount included in the Summary Compensation Table.
Items related to healthcare benefits, which are available generally to all salaried employees of the Company, are included in the annual total compensation numbers above. The CEO’s and median employee’s Company-paid healthcare benefit amounts were $5,331 and $5,111 respectively. For the CEO, this amount is not included in the Summary Compensation Table as permitted by SEC regulations.
As permitted by SEC rules, the Company elected to annualize Carol Tomé’s compensation, who became CEO on June 1, 2020, using reasonable assumptions. Carol’s salary was annualized to $1,250,004; her LTIP grant was annualized to $9,169,061 to reflect the full intended value of her 2020 LTIP award; and her MIP award was annualized to $2,641,710 to reflect the value she would have received if her actual award had not been prorated based on the number of months worked. Carol’s 2020 annualized total compensation is not included in the Summary Compensation Table.
The SEC’s rules for identifying the median compensated employee and calculating the pay ratio based on that employee’s annual total compensation allow companies to adopt a variety of methodologies, to apply certain exclusions, and to make reasonable estimates and assumptions that reflect their employee populations and compensation practices. As a result, the pay ratio reported by other companies may not be comparable to the pay ratio reported above, as other companies have different employee populations and compensation practices and may utilize different methodologies, exclusions, estimates and assumptions in calculating their own pay ratios.
The pay ratio reported above is a reasonable estimate calculated in a manner consistent with SEC rules based on our payroll and employment records and the methodology described below. For these purposes, we identified the median compensated employee from our employee population as of October 1, 2020, using total taxable wages (Form W-2 Box 1 or equivalent) paid to our employees in fiscal year 2020. We determined our total workforce as of October 1, 2020 to consist of 547,857 employees. As permitted by SEC rules, under the 5% “De Minimis Exemption,” we excluded 26,368 non-U.S. employees, or 4.8% of our total workforce. As a result of these exclusions, our median employee was identified from an employee population of 521,489 employees.
The excluded countries and their employee populations are as follows: Argentina (242 employees), Australia (486 employees), Austria (185 employees), Bahrain (28 employees), Belarus (23 employees), Belgium (1,008 employees), Brazil (692 employees), Chile (113 employees), Colombia (1,064 employees), Costa Rica (343 employees), Czech Republic (453 employees), Denmark (531 employees), Dominican Republic (116 employees), Ecuador (65 employees), Egypt (29 employees), El Salvador (30 employees), Finland (187 employees), Greece (143 employees), Guam (2 employees), Guatemala (73 employees), Honduras (39 employees), Hong Kong (1,013 employees), Hungary (417 employees), Indonesia (159 employees), Ireland (1,133 employees), Italy (1,279 employees), Jamaica (4 employees), Japan (644 employees), Kazakhstan (36 employees), Kuwait (54 employees), Luxembourg (11 employees), Macau (2 employees), Malaysia (302 employees), Mexico (2,489 employees), Morocco (60 employees), New Zealand (27 employees), Nicaragua (25 employees), Nigeria (288 employees), Norway (105 employees), Pakistan (59 employees), Panama (32 employees), Peru (77 employees), Philippines (1,470 employees), Portugal (195 employees), Puerto Rico (442 employees), Romania (142 employees), Russia (571 employees), Singapore (1,219 employees), Slovakia (18 employees), Slovenia (51 employees), South Africa (277 employees), South Korea (558 employees), Spain (1,314 employees), Sweden (938 employees), Switzerland (703 employees), Taiwan (970 employees), Thailand (473 employees), Turkey (1,992 employees), Ukraine (89 employees), United Arab Emirates (532 employees), U.S. Virgin Islands (10 employees), and Vietnam (336 employees).
What am I voting on? Whether you approve, on an advisory basis, the compensation of the NEOs as disclosed in this Proxy Statement.
Voting Recommendation: Our Board of Directors recommends that shareowners vote FOR this proposal.
Vote Required: The proposal must be approved by a majority of the voting power of the shares present in person or by proxy.
Pay that reflects performance and alignment of pay with the long-term interests of our shareowners are key principles that underlie our compensation programs. In accordance with the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act (the “Dodd-Frank Act”) and Section 14A of the Exchange Act, shareowners have the opportunity to vote, on an advisory basis, to approve the compensation of our NEOs. This is often referred to as a “say on pay” vote and provides you, as a shareowner, with the ability to cast a vote with respect to the 2020 compensation paid to the NEOs as disclosed in this proxy statement through the following resolution:
“RESOLVED, that the shareowners approve, on an advisory basis, the compensation of the NEOs, as described in the Compensation Discussion and Analysis section and in the compensation tables and accompanying narrative disclosure in the Company’s Proxy Statement for the 2021 Annual Meeting of Shareowners.”
As discussed in the Compensation Discussion and Analysis section, the compensation paid to our NEOs reflects the following principles of our compensation program:
|•||encouraging executive decision-making that is aligned with the long-term interests of our shareowners;|
|•||tying a significant portion of executive pay to Company performance over a multi-year period;|
|•||promoting UPS’s long-standing culture of owner-management; and|
|•||using a balance of short- and long-term performance metrics to encourage the efficient management of our business and minimize excessive risk-taking.|
Although this vote is non-binding, the Compensation Committee and the Board value our shareowners’ views and expect to consider the voting results. To the extent there is a significant negative vote, we expect that we will consult directly with shareowners to better understand the concerns that influenced the vote. As they currently do, the Compensation Committee and the Board would consider the constructive feedback obtained through this process in making decisions about future compensation arrangements for our NEOs. We conduct say on pay votes annually, and the next say on pay vote is expected to occur at the 2022 Annual Meeting.
In accordance with the Dodd-Frank Act, this vote does not overrule any decisions by the Board, will not create or imply any change to or any additional fiduciary duties of the Board and will not restrict or limit the ability of shareowners generally to make proposals for inclusion in proxy materials related to executive compensation.
|60||Notice of Annual Meeting of Shareowners and 2021 Proxy Statement|
What am I voting on? Whether you approve the United Parcel Service, Inc. 2021 Omnibus Incentive Compensation Plan as described in this Proxy Statement.
Voting Recommendation: Our Board of Directors recommends that shareowners vote FOR this proposal.
Vote Required: The proposal must be approved by a majority of the voting power of the shares present in person or by proxy.
The Board of Directors has adopted, and recommends that the shareowners approve, the United Parcel Service, Inc. 2021 Omnibus Incentive Compensation Plan (the “2021 Plan”), which will succeed the United Parcel Service, Inc. 2018 Omnibus Incentive Compensation Plan (the “2018 Plan”). The 2021 Plan permits the grant of options, stock appreciation rights, restricted stock, restricted stock units, restricted performance shares, restricted performance units, shares, cash awards and certain other awards (collectively, “awards”).
Shareowner approval of the 2021 Plan is required by NYSE rules. If we receive shareowner approval, the 2021 Plan will become effective as of the day of the 2021 Annual Meeting of
Shareowners (May 13, 2021). If shareowners approve the 2021 Plan, no further grants will be made under the 2018 Plan, but awards outstanding under the 2018 Plan will continue in effect in accordance with their terms. If we do not receive shareowner approval, the 2021 Plan will not go into effect and the 2018 Plan will remain in effect.
A summary of the material terms of the 2021 Plan is provided below, which summary is qualified in its entirety by reference to the text of the 2021 Plan that is included as Annex A to this proxy statement.
In evaluating this proposal, shareowners should consider all of the information in this proposal.
As discussed in the Compensation Discussion and Analysis, annual and long-term incentive compensation and equity compensation awards play an important part in our pay-for-performance philosophy. The ability to grant equity compensation awards also helps us remain competitive in retaining and attracting highly qualified employees upon whom, in large measure, the future growth and success of UPS depend. In 2020, we granted equity compensation awards to approximately 35,000 of our employees as a component of their compensation.
In general, the purposes of the 2021 Plan are to:
|•||permit the grant of short-term and long-term incentives and rewards to UPS employees, directors, and certain consultants, agents and other service providers for service and/or performance; and|
|•||promote teamwork among such service providers.|
The 2021 Plan is further intended to provide flexibility to UPS in our ability to motivate, attract, and retain the services of
employees, directors and others who make contributions to our success and to allow our employees and directors to share in our success.
Approving the 2021 Plan would further these objectives by allowing us to continue to grant annual and long-term equity incentive compensation for approximately three years based on our historic grant rates and approximate current share price (but the shares authorized under 2021 Plan could last for a different period of time if actual practice does not match recent rates or our share price changes materially). If the 2021 Plan is not approved, we do not expect to have sufficient shares to meet our anticipated annual and long-term equity compensation needs after 2021 under our existing 2018 Plan. If the 2021 Plan is not approved, we may be compelled to increase significantly the cash component of our employee and director compensation, which may not necessarily align employee and director compensation interests with the investment interests of our shareowners. Replacing equity awards with cash also would increase cash compensation expense and use cash that might be better utilized.
We believe that the 2021 Plan will promote the interests of our shareowners and is consistent with principles of good corporate governance. The 2021 Plan includes the following key practices and provisions.
Administered by an independent committee. Awards to executive officers will generally be administered by the Compensation Committee of our Board of Directors or, under limited circumstances, the full Board of Directors. The Compensation Committee is composed entirely of independent directors who meet the SEC and NYSE standards for independence.
No current dividends on unearned awards. The 2021 Plan prohibits the current payment of dividends or dividend equivalents on unvested or unearned awards.
No “liberal” change in control definition. The change in control definition in the 2021 Plan is not “liberal” and, for example, would not occur merely upon shareowner approval of a transaction. A change in control must actually occur in order for the change in control provisions in the 2021 Plan to be triggered.
Best practice change in control treatment of awards. In connection with a change in control, time-based awards will generally only be accelerated if the awards are not assumed or converted following the change in control. “Double trigger” treatment (in other words, a qualifying termination of service following a Change in Control) will apply to time-based awards in other circumstances. Performance-based awards will generally only be accelerated (1) to the extent of actual achievement of the performance conditions or (2) on a prorated basis for time elapsed in ongoing performance period(s) based on target or actual achievement. Double-trigger treatment will apply to performance based awards in other circumstances (1) to the extent of actual achievement of the performance conditions or (2) on a prorated basis for time elapsed in ongoing performance period(s) based on target or actual achievement.
Awards are subject to clawback. All awards under the 2021 Plan are subject to recoupment or clawback under certain circumstances.
No liberal share counting with respect to all awards. The 2021 Plan prohibits the reuse of shares withheld or delivered to satisfy the exercise price of an option or stock appreciation right or to satisfy tax withholding requirements of any award.
Cap on Compensation Paid to Non-Employee Directors. With respect to any single fiscal year, the aggregate compensation that may be granted or awarded to a single non-employee director may not exceed $750,000, with a limited exception for a non-executive chair of the Board.
No discounted stock options or SARs. Except as otherwise described below, all stock option and SAR awards under the 2021 Plan must have an exercise or base price that is not less than the fair market value of the underlying common stock on the date of grant.
No repricing of stock options or SARs. The 2021 Plan generally prohibits any repricing or cash buyout of stock options or SARs without shareowner approval.
No tax gross ups. The 2021 Plan does not include any tax gross-up provisions.
No reloads. The 2021 Plan does not permit the grant of stock option reloads.
The shares issuable pursuant to awards granted under the 2021 Plan will be shares of class A common stock of UPS, or Shares. The maximum number of Shares available for awards granted under the 2021 Plan (the “Share Reserve”) is (1) 25,000,000 Shares, less (2) one Share for each Share issued under awards granted under the 2018 Plan after December 31, 2020, plus (3) the Shares that are subject to awards under the 2021 Plan or any Prior Plans (as defined below) that are added (or added back, as applicable) under the share counting rules of the 2021 Plan, subject to adjustment as described below. Such Shares may be Shares of original issuance or treasury Shares, or a combination of both. To the extent provided in an award, any award denominated in Shares may be settled in cash or any award denominated in cash may be settled in Shares, subject to certain limitations in the 2021 Plan. Subject to adjustment as provided in the 2021 Plan, the maximum number of Shares that can be issued upon the exercise of options under the 2021 Plan that are designated as incentive stock options and intended to meet the requirements of Section 422 of the Code (“Incentive Stock Options”) is 25,000,000.
Each Share subject to an award under the 2021 Plan will reduce the Share Reserve by one Share.
If any Shares subject to an award under the 2021 Plan are forfeited before vesting or any award under the 2021 Plan (in whole or in part) otherwise expires, terminates, is cancelled, is settled in cash or is unearned, without the issuance of such Shares in full
to a participant, such Shares, to the extent of any such forfeiture, expiration, termination, cancellation, cash payment or unearned amount, will again be available for grant under the 2021 Plan and be added back to the Share Reserve. If, after the effective date of the 2021 Plan, any Shares subject to an award under the 2018 Plan, the United Parcel Service, Inc. 2015 Omnibus Incentive Compensation Plan, the United Parcel Service, Inc. 2012 Omnibus Incentive Compensation Plan, the United Parcel Service, Inc. 2009 Omnibus Incentive Compensation Plan or the United Parcel Service, Inc. Incentive Compensation Plan (each a “Prior Plan”, collectively the “Prior Plans”) are forfeited or such award (in whole or in part) otherwise expires, terminates, is cancelled, is settled in cash or is unearned, without the issuance of Shares in full, then to the extent of such forfeiture, expiration, termination cancellation, cash payment or unearned amount, any Shares not issued under such Prior Plan award will be available for grant under the 2021 Plan and be added to the Share Reserve.
For the avoidance of doubt: (1) Shares withheld or otherwise used from an award to satisfy tax withholding requirements will count against the number of Shares remaining available for awards granted under the 2021 Plan, and Shares delivered or otherwise used by a participant to satisfy tax withholding requirements will not be added to the Share Reserve; (2) the full number of Shares subject to a stock option will count against the number of Shares remaining available for awards granted under the 2021 Plan, even if the exercise price of an option is satisfied through net-
|62||Notice of Annual Meeting of Shareowners and 2021 Proxy Statement|
settlement or by delivering Shares to us (by either actual delivery or attestation); (3) the full number of Shares subject to a SAR will count against the number of Shares remaining available for awards made under the 2021 Plan (rather than the net number of Shares actually delivered upon exercise); and (4) Shares repurchased with proceeds from the payment of the exercise price of a stock option shall not be added to the Share Reserve. The Share Reserve will not be reduced for awards that may be
settled solely in cash or for Shares subject to awards issued in substitution for assumption of awards under an acquired plan (see the “Corporate Transaction” section below for additional details).
If the 2021 Plan is approved by our shareowners, the Plan will become effective as of the day of our 2021 Annual Meeting of Shareowners (May 13, 2021) and no further awards will be made under the 2018 Plan.
The board and the Compensation Committee considered various factors, including potential burn rate, potential dilution or overhang and historical grant practices, in determining the number of Shares to be available for issuance under the 2021 Plan. This section and the section that follows present information regarding our view of the overhang and dilution associated with the Prior Plans and the potential dilution associated with the 2021 Plan.
We actively manage our long-term dilution by limiting the number of Shares subject to equity awards that we grant annually, commonly expressed as a percentage of weighted average common shares outstanding and referred to as burn rate. Burn rate is a key measure of dilution that shows how rapidly a company is depleting its shares reserved for equity compensation plans, and differs from annual dilution because it does not take into account cancellations and other shares returned to the reserve. In order to calculate burn rate, we include the number of stock options granted in any given period, plus the number of Shares subject to full value awards granted during the period and divide the total by the weighted average common Shares outstanding.
We have calculated the burn rate this way under the Prior Plans for the past three years, as set forth in the following table:
|*||With respect to performance-based shares/units in the table above, we calculate the share usage rate based on the applicable number of shares earned each year. For reference, the performance-based shares/units granted during the foregoing 3-year period were as follows: 3,868,000 shares in 2020, 6,490,000 shares in 2019 and 5,691,000 shares in 2018.|
An additional metric that we use to measure the cumulative impact of our equity program is potential fully diluted overhang. We calculate this as (A) the number of Shares subject to equity
awards outstanding but not exercised or settled, plus (B) the number of Shares available for new awards, divided by (C) the total Shares outstanding at the end of the year plus A and B. Our potential fully diluted overhang as of December 31, 2020 was 1.38% and our three-year average potential overhang for the three most recently completed calendar years was 2.68%. Based on the total number of Shares outstanding as of December 31, 2020 (864,600,000), the number of Shares requested under the 2021 Plan (25,000,000) represents potential additional dilution or overhang of 1.96%.
The following are the factors that were material to the evaluation by the board and Compensation Committee in determining acceptable and targeted levels of dilution: competitive data from relevant peer companies, the current and future accounting expense associated with our equity award practices, shareowner feedback and the influence of certain proxy advisory firms. Our equity programs are revisited at least annually and assessed against these and other measures.
Based on historical grant information, we estimate that the availability of 25,000,000 Shares under the 2021 Plan would provide a sufficient number of Shares to enable us to continue to make awards at historical average annual rates for approximately 3 years, but such Shares could last for a different period of time if actual grant practice does not match recent rates or our class B common stock price changes materially. As noted below, our Compensation Committee retains full discretion under the 2021 Plan to determine the number and amount of awards to be granted under the 2021 Plan, subject to the terms of the 2021 Plan, and future benefits that may be received by participants under the 2021 Plan are not determinable at this time.
The following table summarizes the actual Shares outstanding and Shares remaining available for future awards under the Prior Plans as of December 31, 2020. The table includes information regarding all of our outstanding equity awards and Shares available for future awards under our Prior Plans as of December 31, 2020 (and without giving effect to this Proposal 3). Our equity compensation program grants are generally awarded in the first quarter of each year.
|Remaining Term||Average||Outstanding as of|
|Shares||(in years)||Exercise Price||December 31, 2020|
|Outstanding stock options as of December 31, 2020||1,564,000||6.84||$||103.60||0.18||%|
|Outstanding full-value awards as of December 31, 2020||3,297,000||0.38||%|
|Proposed Shares available for awards under 2021 Plan||25,000,000||2.89||%|
|Proposed Shares plus outstanding options and awards as of December 31, 2020*||29,861,000||3.45||%|
|Number of common shares outstanding as of December 31, 2020||864,600,000|
|*||The proposed share reserve is subject to reduction for any awards granted under the 2018 Plan after December 31, 2020. As of December 31, 2020, there were 7,204,905 shares available for future grant under the 2018 Plan.|
Upon approval of the 2021 Plan, no further grants will be made under the 2018 Plan. If for any reason the 2021 Plan is not approved by shareowners, the 2018 Plan reserve Shares will remain available for grant under the 2018 Plan as currently in effect.
The Shares are not listed on a national securities exchange or traded in an organized over-the-counter market, but each Share
is convertible into one share of UPS’ class B common stock. The closing price of our class B common stock on the NYSE on March 22, 2021 was $161.06 per share. Therefore, the aggregate market value as of March 22, 2021 of the 25,000,000 Shares requested under the 2021 Plan is $4,026,500,000.
With respect to any single fiscal year, the aggregate compensation that may be granted or awarded to any single non-employee director, including all cash fees and retainers paid during the fiscal year to the non-employee director, in respect of his or her service as a member of the board during such fiscal year, including service as a member or chair of any committee of the board, may not exceed $750,000. For purposes of such limit, the value of awards will be determined based on the aggregate grant
date fair value of all awards granted to non-employee director in such fiscal year (computed in accordance with applicable financial reporting rules). The board may make exceptions of this limit for a non-executive chair of the board, as the board may determine in its discretion, provided that any such non-executive chair of the board receiving such additional compensation may not participate in the decision to award such compensation.
Neither dividends nor dividend equivalents may be paid with respect to options or SARs. Notwithstanding any other provision of the 2021 Plan to the contrary, with respect to any award that provides for or includes a right to dividends or dividend equivalents, if dividends are declared during the period that an award is
outstanding, then such dividends (or dividend equivalents) will either (1) not be paid or credited with respect to such award or (2) be accumulated but remain subject to vesting requirement(s) to the same extent as the applicable award and will only be paid at the time or times such vesting requirement(s) are satisfied.
The 2021 Plan will be administered by the Compensation Committee, except that the Board of Directors will administer the 2021 Plan with respect to non-employee directors. The Board of Directors also may at any time take on the powers, authority and duties of the Compensation Committee under the 2021 Plan. The Compensation Committee generally may delegate its power, authority and duties under the 2021 Plan, except as prohibited by law.
The Compensation Committee in general may: determine who among those eligible to participate in the 2021 Plan will be granted awards; determine the amounts and types of awards to be granted; determine the terms and conditions of all awards; determine whether, to what extent, and/or under what circumstances the vesting of awards under the 2021 Plan will be accelerated; construe and interpret the terms of the 2021 Plan or any award documents under the 2021 Plan; establish, amend or waive rules and regulations for the administration of the 2021 Plan; amend the
2021 Plan or the terms and conditions of any outstanding award subject to certain limits in the 2021 Plan, as explained below; and make other determinations which are necessary or advisable for the administration of the 2021 Plan. Determinations of the Compensation Committee will be final, binding, and conclusive.
Individuals eligible to receive awards under the 2021 Plan will consist of employees (as defined in the 2021 Plan) of UPS or a subsidiary or affiliate of UPS, directors of UPS, and consultants, agents or other persons other than employees or directors who render valuable services to UPS or a subsidiary or affiliate of UPS. As of March 1, 2021, the Company had fifteen directors and approximately 40,000 full-time management employees who would be eligible for awards under the 2021 Plan. The basis for participation in the 2021 Plan by eligible persons is the selection of such persons for participation by the Compensation Committee in its discretion.
|64||Notice of Annual Meeting of Shareowners and 2021 Proxy Statement|
Stock options may be either nonqualified stock options or Incentive Stock Options. The exercise price of any stock option must be equal to or greater than the fair market value of a Share on the date the option is granted. The term of a stock option cannot exceed ten years. Incentive Stock Options may only be granted to participants who are employees of UPS or certain related companies.
A stock option’s terms and conditions, including the number of Shares to which the option pertains, exercise price, vesting and expiration of the option, whether the stock option is intended to be an Incentive Stock Option or a nonqualified stock option, and the extent to which the participant has any rights to the stock option following termination of employment, directorship or other relationship with UPS or its affiliates, will be determined by the Compensation Committee and set forth in an award document.
Payment for Shares purchased upon exercise of a stock option must be made in full at the time of exercise. The exercise price may be paid (a) in cash or its equivalent, (b) by tendering previously acquired Shares having an aggregate value at the time of exercise equal to the total exercise price, (c) through a reduction in the number of Shares received through the exercise of the option, or (d) by a combination of (a), (b) and (c).
The 2021 Plan includes further restrictions with respect to Incentive Stock Options.
Stock Appreciation Rights (“SARs”)
Freestanding and tandem SARs, or any combination of these forms of SAR, may be granted to participants. A freestanding SAR means a SAR that is granted independently of any stock options. A tandem SAR means a SAR that is granted in connection with a related option, the exercise of which requires forfeiture of the right to purchase a Share under the related option (and when a Share is purchased under the option, the tandem SAR similarly is cancelled). Each SAR grant will be set forth in an award document that will specify the number of Shares to which the SAR pertains, the grant price, the term of the SAR, the form of payout (described below), the extent to which the participant has any rights to the SAR following termination of employment, directorship or other relationship with UPS or its affiliates and such other provisions as the Compensation Committee determines. The term of a SAR cannot exceed ten years.
The grant price of a freestanding SAR will equal at least the fair market value of a Share on the date of grant. The grant price of a tandem SAR will equal the exercise price of the related stock option.
Freestanding SARs will be exercisable on the terms and conditions imposed by the Compensation Committee in its sole discretion.
Tandem SARs may be exercised for all or any part of the Shares subject to the related option, and only with respect to Shares for which its related stock option is then exercisable. Upon exercise of a tandem SAR, the related stock option will be automatically cancelled to the extent of the exercise of the tandem SAR, and vice versa. Additional rules apply to the exercise of tandem SARs granted in connection with Incentive Stock Options.
Upon exercise of a SAR, a participant will be entitled to receive payment in an amount determined by multiplying the difference between the fair market value of a Share on the date of exercise over the grant price, by the number of Shares with respect to which the SAR is exercised. At the discretion of the Compensation Committee, the payment upon SAR exercise may be in cash, in Shares of equivalent value, or in some combination of cash and Shares.
Restricted Stock and Restricted Stock Units
Each grant of restricted stock or RSUs will be evidenced by an award document that will specify the period of restriction on transferability, the number of Shares (or units tied to the value of Shares) granted, the extent to which the participant has any rights to the restricted stock or RSU following termination of employment, directorship or other relationship with UPS or its affiliates and such other provisions as the Compensation Committee will determine, including restrictions based upon the achievement of specific performance goals and time-based restrictions on vesting following the attainment of the performance goals. UPS may retain possession of restricted stock until all conditions and restrictions applicable to such Shares have been satisfied. Restricted stock or RSUs will be forfeited to the extent that a participant fails to satisfy the applicable conditions or restrictions during the period of restriction. Each RSU shall have a value at the time of payment equal to the fair market value of a Share on such date.
Generally, shares of restricted stock will become freely transferable by the participant as soon as practicable after the last day of the applicable period of restriction, and RSUs will be paid in a single lump sum as soon as practicable following the close of the applicable period of restriction in the form of cash or in Shares (or in a combination of cash and Shares) as determined by the Compensation Committee and set forth in the award document.
Participants holding restricted stock generally have the right to vote the Shares during the period of restriction and, unless otherwise provided in the award document, will be credited with regular cash dividends paid with respect to the underlying Shares, and stock dividends or other non-cash distributions will be subject to the same restrictions as the restricted stock. Participants awarded RSUs will not be entitled to similar voting rights, and participants awarded RSUs may receive dividend equivalents, but will not be automatically entitled to any dividends declared
with respect to Shares. However, any such dividends or dividend equivalents credited with respect to such restricted stock or RSUs shall be subject to the same vesting conditions as the underlying restricted stock or RSUs. In no event will dividends or dividend equivalents be paid or distributed until the vesting restrictions of the underlying restricted stock or RSUs, as applicable, lapse. The Compensation Committee may apply any additional restrictions to dividends and dividend equivalents that the Compensation Committee deems appropriate.
Restricted Performance Units (“RPUs”) and Restricted Performance Shares (“RPS”)
Each grant of RPUs and RPS will be evidenced by an award document that will specify the amounts of such awards, the extent to which the participant has any rights to the RPUs and RPS following termination of employment, directorship or other relationship with UPS or its affiliates and such other terms as the Compensation Committee may determine. The value of each RPU and RPS at the time of payment will not exceed the value of a Share on the date such RPU or RPS is paid. The Compensation Committee will set performance goals and other conditions, the achievement of which will determine the number and/or value of RPUs and RPS that are payable to the participant. RPUs and RPS will be forfeited to the extent that the applicable
performance goals or other conditions are not satisfied during the performance period.
Unless otherwise provided in an award document, payment of earned RPUs or RPS will be made in a single lump sum following the close of the applicable performance period in the form of cash or in Shares (or in a combination thereof), with an aggregate fair market value equal to the value of the earned RPUs or RPS at the close of the performance period. At the discretion of the Compensation Committee, participants may receive dividends or dividend equivalents credited with respect to Shares payable with respect to RPUs or RPS not yet distributed to participants and be entitled to exercise voting rights with respect to RPS. Any such dividends or dividend equivalents declared with respect to RPUs or RPS will be subject to the same vesting conditions as the underlying RPUs or RPS. In no event will dividends or dividend equivalents be paid or distributed until the vesting restrictions on the RPUs or RPS, as applicable, lapse.
Other Share Awards and Cash Awards
The Compensation Committee may grant Shares (other than restricted stock and RPS) or may grant cash awards to participants in such amounts, upon such terms, and at such times as determined by the Compensation Committee.
The Compensation Committee may grant awards with performance-based vesting requirements under the 2021 Plan, using performance goals based on performance measures that the Compensation Committee selects in its discretion, including (but not limited to) one or more of the following performance measures that may apply on an individual or aggregate basis to the participant, a business unit, a subsidiary, or UPS as a whole:
|•||Earnings per share;|
|•||Net income (before or after taxes);|
|•||Free cash flow;|
|•||Return measures (including, but not limited to (1) return on assets; (2) return on equity; (3) return on operating capital; (4) return on invested capital; and (5) return on sales);|
|•||Cash flow return on investments;|
|•||Earnings before or after taxes, interest and depreciation;|
|•||Economic value added;|
|•||Package flow technology;|
|•||Successfully integrating acquisitions;|
|•||Reducing non-operations expenses;|
|•||Other operating efficiency measures or ratios;|
|•||Return on capital;|
|•||Return on capital employed;|
|•||Pre-tax income margin; and/or|
|•||Any other objective or subjective metric established by the Compensation Committee with respect to an award.|
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Any of the performance measures may be compared to the performance of a selected group of comparison companies or a published or special index that the Compensation Committee in its sole discretion deems appropriate, or as compared to various stock market indices.
In determining attainment of performance goals, the Compensation Committee may exclude the effect of one or more events, including, without limitation, unusual or infrequently occurring items, charges for restructurings (employee severance liabilities, asset impairment costs, and exit costs), acquisitions
and divestitures, discontinued operations, extraordinary items, foreign currency gains and losses and the cumulative effect of tax and accounting changes, each determined in accordance with GAAP (to the extent applicable) and/or as identified in the financial statements, notes to the financial statements or management’s discussion and analysis of financial condition and results of operations. The Compensation Committee must certify in writing prior to payment of, or such other event that results in the inclusion of income (for example, the vesting of restricted stock) from, a performance-based award that the performance goals were in fact satisfied.
The 2021 Plan does not confer on any participant any right to continued employment or service with UPS or its affiliates and does not interfere with or limit the right of UPS and its affiliates to terminate participant’s employment or service at any time.
No employee, director, consultant, agent or other person who renders services to UPS or its affiliates has a right to be selected by the Compensation Committee to receive an award under the 2021 Plan, or if such person has is the past been selected, to be selected to receive a future award under the 2021 Plan.
The 2021 Plan includes a non-liberal definition of “change in control.” In general, except as otherwise defined for purposes of an award document, a change in control will be deemed to have occurred upon:
|•||The consummation of a reorganization, merger, share exchange or consolidation resulting in a substantial change in UPS’s ownership, as further described in the 2021 Plan;|
|•||A liquidation or dissolution of UPS or the sale of substantially all of UPS’s assets; or|
|•||Individuals who, as of any date, constitute the Board of Directors of UPS, as of the end of the two-year period beginning on such date, cease for any reason to constitute at least a majority of the Board, unless their replacements are approved as described in the 2021 Plan (subject to certain exceptions).|
Notwithstanding anything in the 2021 Plan to the contrary, the following treatment will apply to outstanding awards in connection with a change in control:
|•||Treatment of Time-Based Awards in connection with a Change in Control: With respect to awards that are to become exercisable, nonforfeitable and transferable or earned and|
|payable based solely on the passage of time, the Compensation Committee will accelerate exercisability, nonforfeitability and transferability of such “time-based” awards to the change in control date only if such awards are not assumed or converted in connection with the change in control. “Double trigger” treatment (in other words, a qualifying termination of service following a Change in Control) will apply to time-based awards in all other circumstances.|
|•||Treatment of Performance-Based Awards: With respect to awards that are to become exercisable, nonforfeitable and transferable or earned and payable based on the achievement of one or more objectively determinable performance conditions, the Compensation Committee will only accelerate exercisability, nonforfeitability and transferability of such “performance-based” awards to the change in control date (1) to the extent of actual achievement of the performance conditions or (2) on a prorated basis for time elapsed in ongoing performance period(s) based on actual or target performance. “Double trigger” treatment will apply to performance-based awards in all other circumstances, (1) to the extent of actual achievement of the performance conditions or (2) on a prorated basis for time elapsed in ongoing performance period(s) based on actual or target performance.|
If an award has been paid to an executive officer or to his or her spouse or beneficiary, and the Compensation Committee later determines that financial results used to determine the amount of that award are materially restated and that the executive officer engaged in fraud or intentional misconduct, UPS will seek
repayment or recovery of the award. In addition, the Compensation Committee may provide that any participant and/or any award, including any Shares subject to or issued under an award, is subject to any other recovery, recoupment, clawback and/or other forfeiture policy maintained by UPS from time to time.
The Compensation Committee has the right to amend, suspend or terminate the 2021 Plan, in whole or in part, at any time. The Compensation Committee may amend any award previously granted without the prior written consent of the award holder if such amendment does not adversely affect the award in any material way and may amend any award previously granted with the written consent of the award holder.
Without the prior approval of our shareowners, the 2021 Plan may not be materially amended if shareowner approval is required by law or applicable stock exchange listing requirement, or if the amendment would (1) increase the number of Shares available
for awards under the 2021 Plan (except as provided under the share counting and adjustment provisions of the 2021 Plan), or (2) permit options, SARs or similar awards to be repriced, replaced, or regranted through cancellation in exchange for cash or another award, or by lowering the exercise, grant or purchase price of a previously granted award (except in the case of a change in control or for certain adjustments and award substitutions authorized under other provisions of the 2021 Plan as noted in the “Adjustments” section below). In any event, no awards may be granted under the 2021 Plan on or after May 13, 2031.
UPS may deduct or withhold, or require a participant to remit to UPS as a condition precedent for the fulfillment of any award, an amount sufficient to satisfy federal, state, and local taxes, domestic or foreign, required by law or regulation to be withheld with respect to any taxable event arising as a result of the 2021 Plan.
Whenever Shares are to be issued or cash paid to a participant upon the grant, exercise or vesting of an award, UPS has the right to require the participant to remit to UPS, as a condition to the grant, exercise or vesting of the award, an amount sufficient to satisfy federal, state and local withholding tax requirements at the time
of such grant, exercise or vesting. Unless otherwise determined by the Compensation Committee at the time the award is granted or thereafter, any such withholding requirement may be satisfied, in whole or in part, by withholding from the award the number of Shares having a fair market value (as defined in the 2021 Plan) on the date of withholding equal to the amount required to be withheld in accordance with applicable tax requirements (up to the maximum individual statutory rate in the applicable jurisdiction as may be permitted under then-current accounting principles to qualify for equity classification), in accordance with such procedures established by the Compensation Committee.
Except as otherwise provided in the applicable award document, no stock option, SAR, restricted share, RSU, RPU, RPS, cash award or other Share award may be sold, transferred, pledged, assigned, or otherwise alienated or hypothecated by a participant, other than by will or by the laws of descent and distribution. Stock options and SARs will be exercisable, during the participant’s lifetime, only by the participant; or if the participant is incapacitated and unable to exercise his or her stock option or SAR, such stock option or SAR may be exercised by his or her
legal guardian or representative (such incapacity and such legal guardian or representative as determined under our short-term or long-term disability policies).
The Compensation Committee may impose restrictions on any Shares acquired pursuant to an award under the 2021 Plan as it may deem advisable.
For the avoidance of doubt, any permitted transfer under the 2021 Plan shall be without consideration.
If UPS effects a subdivision or consolidation of shares of stock or other capital adjustment (or similar transaction), the maximum number and kind of Shares that may be awarded under the 2021 Plan, the number and kind of and/or price of Shares subject to outstanding awards, the annual limit on non-employee director compensation, and other award terms, will be adjusted in the same manner and to the same extent as all other Shares.
If there are material changes in the capital structure of UPS resulting from the payment of a special dividend or other distribution to shareowners without receiving consideration, a spin-off, the sale of a substantial portion of UPS’s assets, a merger or consolidation in which UPS is not the surviving entity, or other extraordinary non-recurring event affecting UPS’s capital
structure and the value of Shares, or other similar corporate transactions or events, the Compensation Committee will make equitable adjustments in the maximum number and kind of Shares that may be awarded under the 2021 Plan, the number and kind of and/or price of Shares subject to outstanding awards, the annual limit on non-employee director compensation, and other award terms, to prevent the dilution or enlargement of the rights of award recipients.
In the event of any transaction or event described above, the Compensation Committee may provide such alternative consideration (including cash), if any, in substitution for any or all outstanding awards under the 2021 Plan as it determines to be equitable in the circumstances and will require the surrender
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of all awards so replaced in a manner that complies with Section 409A of the Code. In addition, for each stock option or SAR with an exercise price or grant price, as applicable, greater than the consideration offered in connection with any such transaction or event described in this section or in a change in control, the Compensation Committee may in its discretion elect to cancel such stock option or SAR without any payment to the person holding such stock option or SAR.
Subject to applicable limitations under the 2021 Plan, the Compensation Committee may also make adjustments in the terms, conditions and criteria of awards in recognition of unusual or nonrecurring events effecting UPS or its financial statements or of changes in applicable law or accounting principles when and if the Compensation Committee deems appropriate in order to prevent dilution or enlargement of benefits under the 2021 Plan.
If UPS engages in a merger, consolidation, combination, exchange of shares, acquisition or other business transaction with another organization and the terms of such transaction require UPS or one of its affiliates to assume another equity plan the organization (an “acquired plan”), any shares of stock available under the acquired plan (as adjusted and converted into Shares in accordance with the terms of the transaction) will be available for awards under the 2021 Plan, subject to applicable shareowner approval and stock exchange requirements (subject to certain exceptions in the 2021 Plan).
If UPS engages in such a transaction, or a recapitalization, reorganization, spin-off, or other transaction with an another organization, the Compensation Committee in its absolute
discretion may (1) grant awards under the 2021 Plan in substitution and cancellation of the awards awarded to an individual by such other organization or (2) assume such awards made to an individual by such other organization as if UPS had granted such awards under the 2021 Plan. Awards made in substitution for awards canceled as a result of such transaction may have an exercise price or grant price less than the fair market value of a Share on the date such award is granted and such other terms and conditions as consistent with such canceled awards; provided that no stock option or SAR may be granted in substitution for such award if such stock option or SAR provides for a deferral of compensation subject to Section 409A of the Code.
The rules concerning the federal income tax consequences with respect to awards made pursuant to the 2021 Plan are technical, and reasonable persons may differ on the proper interpretation of the rules. Moreover, the applicable statutory and regulatory provisions are subject to change, as are their interpretations and applications, which may vary in individual circumstances. The following discussion is designed to provide only a brief, general summary description of the federal income tax consequences associated with the awards, based on a good faith interpretation of the current federal income tax laws, regulations (including applicable proposed regulations) and judicial and administrative interpretations. The following discussion is presented for the information of shareowners considering how to vote on this proposal and not for 2021 Plan participants, and it does not set forth any federal tax consequences other than income tax consequences or any state, local or foreign tax consequences that may apply.
Incentive Stock Options (“ISOs”). An optionee does not recognize taxable income upon the grant or upon the exercise of an ISO (although the exercise of an ISO may in some cases trigger liability for the alternative minimum tax). Upon the sale of ISO Shares, the optionee recognizes income in an amount equal to the excess, if any, of the fair market value of those Shares on the date of sale over the exercise price of the ISO Shares. Any income is taxed at the long-term capital gains rate if the optionee has not disposed of the stock within two years after the date of the grant of the ISO and has held the Shares for at least one year after the date of exercise. ISO holding period requirements are waived when an optionee dies.
If an optionee sells ISO Shares before having held them for at least one year after the date of exercise and two years after the date of grant, the optionee recognizes ordinary income to the extent of the lesser of: (1) the gain realized upon the sale; or (2) the excess of the fair market value of the Shares on the date of exercise over the exercise price. Any additional gain is treated as long-term or short-term capital gain depending upon how long the optionee has held the ISO Shares prior to disposition.
Nonqualified Stock Options (“NQSOs”). An optionee does not recognize taxable income upon the grant of an NQSO. Upon the exercise of such a stock option, the optionee recognizes ordinary income to the extent the fair market value of the Shares received upon exercise of the NQSO on the date of exercise exceeds the exercise price.
Restricted Stock. A participant who receives an award of restricted stock does not generally recognize taxable income at the time of the award. Instead, the participant recognizes ordinary income in the first taxable year in which his or her interest in the Shares becomes either: (1) freely transferable; or (2) no longer subject to substantial risk of forfeiture. The amount of taxable income is equal to the fair market value of the Shares less the cash, if any, paid for the Shares.
A participant may elect to recognize income at the time of grant of restricted stock in an amount equal to the fair market value of the restricted stock (less any cash paid for the Shares) on the date of the award.
SARs. A participant who exercises a SAR will recognize ordinary income upon the exercise equal to the amount of cash and the fair market value of any Shares received on as a result of the exercise.
Other Awards. In the case of an award of RSUs, RPUs, RPS, other Shares or cash, the participant would generally recognize ordinary income in an amount equal to any cash received and the fair market value of any Shares received on the date of payment.
Section 409A. Section 409A of the Code provides special tax rules applicable to programs that provide for a deferral of compensation. Failure to comply with those requirements will result in accelerated recognition of income for tax purposes along with an additional tax equal to 20% of the amount included in income, and interest on deemed underpayments in certain
circumstances. While certain awards under the 2021 Plan could be subject to Section 409A, the 2021 Plan has been drafted with the intent to comply with the requirements of Section 409A, where applicable.
Tax Consequences to UPS and its Subsidiaries. In general, to the extent that a participant recognizes ordinary income in the circumstances described above, UPS or the subsidiary for which the participant performs services will be entitled to a corresponding deduction provided that, among other things, the income meets the test of reasonableness, is an ordinary and necessary business expense, is not an “excess parachute payment” within the meaning of Section 280G of the Code and is not disallowed by the $1 million limitation on certain executive compensation under Section 162(m) of the Code.
Because benefits under the 2021 Plan will depend on the Compensation Committee’s actions and the fair market value of the Shares at various future dates, it is not possible to determine the benefits that will be received by directors, executive officers and other participants if the 2021 Plan is approved by the shareowners.
We intend to file a Registration Statement on Form S-8 relating to the issuance of Shares under the 2021 Plan with the Securities and Exchange Commission pursuant to the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, as soon as practicable after approval of the 2021 Plan by our shareowners.
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The following table sets forth information as to each person known to us to be the beneficial owner of more than five percent of either our class A or class B common stock, based on SEC filings by such persons. Class A shares are entitled to ten votes per share and class B shares are entitled to one vote per share on each matter acted upon at the Annual Meeting. Class A shares are held by current and former employees and are not publicly traded. As of March 1, 2021 there were 147,252,798 outstanding shares of class A common stock and 720,523,284 outstanding shares of class B common stock.
|Name and address||Number of Shares |
of Class B Stock
|Percent of |
Class B Stock
|BlackRock, Inc.(1) |
55 East 52nd Street
New York, NY 10055
|The Vanguard Group(2) |
100 Vanguard Blvd.
Malvern, PA 19355
|(1)||According to a Schedule 13G/A filed with the SEC on February 5, 2021, BlackRock, Inc. has sole voting power with respect to 46,004,159 shares and sole dispositive power with respect to 52,600,820 shares.|